Chapter Two appeared in The Journal of American History, 83 ( December 1996), 791-814.
Chapter Three is from Origins of the Federal Judiciary: Essays on the Judiciary Act of 1789, edited by Maeva Marcus, 248-80. Copyright © 1992 by Oxford University Press, Inc.Ó Reprinted by permission.
Chapter Seven appeared in American Quarterly, 45 ( March 1993), 1-43. Reprinted by permission of The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Chapter Eight appeared in Memory Distortion: How Minds, Brains, and Societies Reconstruct the Past, edited by Daniel L. Schachter ( Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1995), 329-45.
Chapter Nine is reprinted with the permission of Simon & Schuster from Historical Literacy: The Case for History in American Education, edited by Paul Gagnon and The Bradley Commission on History in the Schools, 138-56. Copyright © 1989 by Educational Excellence Network.