IDEOLOGY AND PROGRAM
THE IDEAS that guide a new political movement like the C.C.F. are a combination of primitive doctrine, promotional slogans aimed at holding and recruiting members, and the general values of the culture in which it has arisen. These ideas had been accumulated, in part by trial and error, over the thirteen years in which the party emerged into power. The meaning of this C.C.F. socialism can be appraised by studying the changes through which the party ideology passed.
The collectivist reform program of the organized farm movement of Saskatchewan was unified after 1931 under the general heading of "socialism." This did not mean that the agrarian leaders who accepted the term as a description of the kind of economic society for which they were fighting had suddenly adopted a new economic or philosophical doctrine. To many of them the socialist proposals seemed the same as the program that the organized farm movement, especially the U.F.C., had worked out from 1902 to 1930.
In reply to the question "When did you become a socialist?" one old farmer answered:
Why, I've been a socialist all my life, and so were most of the farmers around here. Of course, I didn't know it until after the C.C.F. was