The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy: And Other Essays in Contemporary Thought

By John Dewey | Go to book overview

THE INFLUENCE OF DARWINISM ON PHILOSOPHY1

I

THAT the publication of the " Origin of Species" marked an epoch in the development of the natural sciences is well known to the layman. That the combination of the very words origin and species embodied an intellectual revolt and introduced a new intellectual temper is easily overlooked by the expert. The conceptions that had reigned in the philosophy of nature and knowledge for two thousand years, the conceptions that had become the familiar furniture of the mind, rested on the assumption of the superiority of the fixed and final; they rested upon treating change and origin as signs of defect and unreality. In laying hands upon the sacred ark of absolute permanency, in treating the forms that had been regarded as types of fixity and perfection as

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1
A lecture in a course of public lectures on "Charles Darwin and His Influence on Science", given at Columbia University in the winter and spring of 1909. Reprinted from the Popular Science Monthly for July, 1909.

-1-

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The Influence of Darwin on Philosophy: And Other Essays in Contemporary Thought
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Preface iii
  • Contents *
  • The Influence of Darwinism On Philosophy 1
  • Nature and Its Good: A Conversation 20
  • Intelligence and Morals 46
  • The Experimental Theory Of Knowledge. 77
  • The Intellectualist Criterion For Truth 112
  • A Short Catechism Concerning Truth 154
  • Beliefs and Existences 169
  • Experience and Objective Idealism 198
  • The Postulate of Immediate Empiricism 226
  • "Consciousness" and Experience 242
  • The Significance of the Problem Of Knowledge 271
  • Index 305
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