Leadership in Times of Change: A Handbook for Communication and Media Administrators

By William G. Christ | Go to book overview

10
Distance Education

Kathy A. Krendl Ohio University

The term distance education can be used to describe many different types of education. For example, correspondence study, the earliest form of distance education, has been in existence for generations, relying on the postal system as its primary distribution system to overcome the distance that separates the student from the instructor ( Keegan, 1988). Contemporary use of the term, however, is typically applied to educational contexts in which students and instructors are separated physically but linked electronically using technologies that support high levels of interaction. Often the linkages between students and instructors use a wide array of technologies putting together combinations of media -- voice mail, fax, e-mail, Internet, computer conferencing, video- conferencing, and so on. That is, the distinguishing characteristics of distance education as it is used today focus on the use of instructional technology to overcome the boundaries of time and space that separate instructors and students and to enable either real-time or asynchronous interaction between and among instructors and students. The term itself describes many different types of linkages and interactions that can occur between students and instructors (see, e.g., Keegan, 1988; Smith, 1988).

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Leadership in Times of Change: A Handbook for Communication and Media Administrators
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface xi
  • Acknowledgments xii
  • I - BACKGROUND 1
  • 1 - Introduction: Administration and Accountability 3
  • Appendix: Council for Aid in Education (1997) Recommendations (Abbreviated) 18
  • References 20
  • 2 - Communication Education 23
  • References 37
  • 3 - Media Education 41
  • References 57
  • 4 - International Communication Education 61
  • APPENDIX: AASCU SUGGESTED RESOURCES FOR INTERNATIONALIZING CURRICULA IN HIGHER EDUCATION 81
  • References 82
  • 5 - Beyond Teaching, Research, and Service 85
  • References 100
  • II - PROGRAMMATIC CHALLENGES 101
  • 6 - The Hybrid Program 103
  • References 117
  • 7 - Community Colleges 119
  • APPENDIX: SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COMMUNITY COLLEGE ADMINISTRATORS 132
  • References 133
  • 8 - Graduate Communication Programs 135
  • References 160
  • 9 - Experiential Learning Programs 163
  • APPENDIX: EXPERIENTIAL EDUCATION PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS 178
  • References 178
  • 10 - Distance Education 181
  • References 195
  • III - ADMINISTRATIVE CHALLENGES 197
  • 11 - Leadership 199
  • Acknowledgments 222
  • References 222
  • 12 - Fundraising 225
  • References 239
  • 13 - Facing Realignment and Downsizing 241
  • APPENDIX: SUMMARY OF SUGGESTIONS TO FACE REALIGNMENT AND DOWNSIZING 257
  • Acknowledgments 258
  • References 258
  • 14 - Intra-University Competition and Outside Stakeholders 259
  • References 276
  • 15 - Student Occupational Concerns in a Liberal Arts Program 279
  • References 292
  • 16 - Gender Issues 295
  • References 313
  • 17 - Diversity and Multiculturalism 315
  • APPENDIX A: DIVERSITY AND MULTICULTURALISM RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COMMUNICATION ADMINISTRATORS 334
  • References 337
  • 18 - Promotion, Tenure, and the Evaluation of Faculty 341
  • APPENDIX: ADDITIONAL RESOURCES 358
  • References 359
  • 19 - Federal Mandates 361
  • References 375
  • 20 - Self-Studies, External Reviews, and Programmatic Assessment 377
  • APPENDIX A: UNIT CHECKLIST 396
  • References 397
  • Criteria for the Assessment of Oral Communication 399
  • Author Index 405
  • Subject Index 411
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