The Effects of Sexual Motivation
RUSSELL A. CLARK
THE PURPOSE of the present research has been to investigate the measurement of sexual motivation by content analysis of "creative" stories written by subjects to pictures from the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). The original impetus for this study came from some findings by McClellandet al. All of the TAT scoring categories employed by McClelland and his associates (11) for measuring the need for achievement (n Achievement) varied as a direct function of increase in motivation. That is to say, with an increase in experimentally induced achievement motivation there was a corresponding increase in the frequency of appearance of the various achievement-related categories. This seems to indicate that for n Achievement there is no such thing as repression, suppression, or any sort of inhibition operating. Such a finding seems fairly plausible in view of the fact that in the American culture individuals are widely encouraged to work hard, get good grades in school, advance themselves in the business world, and so forth. There are few taboos attached to the attainment of achievement goals. However, these findings involved mean differences in frequencies based on groups of subjects. A further study by McClelland et al. (11) involving case histories and psychiatric interviews indicated that there were a few individuals who were highly motivated to achieve but so anxious about achievement that they inhibited the expression of manifest achievement imagery in their TAT stories. This tentative finding ran contrary to the common assumption that projective measures circumvent the usual defenses of the individual.____________________
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Publication information: Book title: Studies in Motivation. Contributors: David C. McClelland - Editor. Publisher: Appleton-Century Crofts. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1955. Page number: 44.
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