|1.||This war broke out as a result of Japan's aggression upon Korea and provocation against China's ground and sea forces. Although her armed forces fought heroically, China was defeated in the next year because of the corruption of the Manchu government and the lack of preparation for a resolute fight against aggression. The result was the conclusion of a humiliating treaty at Shimonoseki (Bakan), whereby the Manchu government agreed to cede Taiwan and the Pescadores to Japan, to pay an indemnity of 200,000,000 taels (a tael being about 1.33 ounces) of silver, to allow the Japanese to establish factories in China, to open Shasi, Chungking, Soochow and Hangchow as treaty ports, and to place Korea in Japan's hands as her vassal state.|
|1.||May 4 was first designated as the Youth Day of China by youth organisations in the Shensi-Kansu-Ningsia border region. Under the pressure of the patriotic upsurge of the broad masses of the youth, the Kuomintang agreed to this decision. But later on, afraid that the youth would turn revolutionary, it proclaimed March 29 as its own Youth Day, because on that day in 1911 an abortive uprising was staged in Canton, in which many revolutionaries were martyred (their remains were later buried at Hwanghwakang in the suburbs of the city). Yet May 4 continued to be observed as Youth Day in the revolutionary base areas under the leadership of the Communist Party. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the Government Administration Council of the Central People's Government, in December 1949, officially proclaimed May 4 as China's Youth Day.|
|2.||Referring to the Sino-Japanese War.|
|3.||Referring to the counter-revolutionary coups d'état of 1927 staged by Chiang Kai-shek in Shanghai and Nanking and by Wang Ching-wei in Wuhan.|
|4.||Referring to The May 4 Movement, this volume.|
|1.||Referring to the British and American imperialists who were plotting to reach a compromise with Japan at China's expense.|
|2.||Through such a conference, generally spoken of as a Far Eastern Munich, the British, American and French imperialists, together with the group for seeking peace in China, plotted to betray China and reach a compromise with Japan. The absurd view that such a conference would not be a Far Eastern Munich, which Comrade Mao condemned here, was expressed by Chiang Kai-shek.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Selected Works. Volume: 3. Contributors: Tse-Tung Mao - Author. Publisher: International Publishers. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1954. Page number: 242.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.