Ratio Scaling of Psychological Magnitude: In Honor of the Memory of S.S. Stevens

By Stanley J. Bolanowski Jr; George A. Gescheider | Go to book overview

In regard to the utility of the information obtained by using these methods, we have shown that they may be used to elucidate basic functional characteristics of a sensory system with respect to intensity coding. The data obtained by these methods can also lead to hypotheses regarding the neural mechanisms that underlie fundamental sensory phenomena. Furthermore, we have been able to show that subjects belonging to different biological groups, such as gender and age, produced different results in their responses to suprathreshold vibrotactile stimulation. This type of information may be essential in the selection of subjects for experiments in which groups are compared along psychophysical dimensions.

Finally, we have shown that for the estimation of subjective length the method produces very stable results over extended periods of time, both for group and individual performances.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The author acknowledges the partial support of his research from Grants NS-09940 and NS-24255, National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.


REFERENCES

Békésy G. von ( 1957). "Neural volleys and the similarity between some sensations produced by tones and by skin vibrations". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 29, 1059- 1069.

Békésy G. von ( 1958). "Funneling in the nervous system". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 30, 399-412.

Békésy G. von ( 1959). "Neural funneling along the skin and between the inner and outer hair cells of the cochlea". Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 31, 1236-1249.

Békésy G. von ( 1960). Experiments in hearing. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cauna N. ( 1965). "The effects of aging on the receptor organs of the human dermis". In W. Montagna (Ed.), Advances in biology of the skin-aging (Vol. VI, pp. 63-96). New York: Pergamon.

Cosh J. J. ( 1953). "Studies in the nature of vibration sense". Clinical Science, 12, 131-150.

Ekman G., & Åkesson C. ( 1965). "Saltiness, sweetness, and preference: A study of quantitative relations in individual subjects". Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 6, 241-253.

Engeland W., & Dawson W. ( 1974). "Individual differences in power functions for a 1-week intersession interval". Perception & Psychophysics, 15, 349-352.

Franzén O. ( 1966). "On summation: A psychophysical study of the tactual sense". In Quarterly Progress and Status Report, Speech Transmission Laboratory, Royal Institute of Technology (pp. 14-25), Stockholm, Sweden.

Frisina R. D., & Gescheider G. A. ( 1977). "Comparison of child and adult vibrotactile thresholds as a function of frequency and duration". Perception & Psychophysics, 22, 100- 103.

Geldard F. A. ( 1961). "Cutaneous channels of communication". In W. A. Rosenblith (Ed.), Sensory communication (pp. 73-87). New York: Wiley.

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