A Handbook to the Loan Exhibition of French Tapestries: Mediaeval, Renaissance and Modern, from the Public and Private Collections of France

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THE XVIII CENTURY

In the eighteenth century the Gobelins, Beauvais, and Aubusson factories were the great centers of tapestry-making in France. Under the influence of painters like Oudry and Boucher tapestry style lost some of its grandeur and became more pictorial. The trend was more and more towards imitating the painted picture.

124. PORTIÈRE WITH THE ARMS OF FRANCE. The Louvre, Paris Wool and silk. 11 feet 6 inches × 8 feet 8 inches

This portière was designed by Pierre Josse Perrot in 1727. The design was often worked in tapestry on low-warp looms in the Gobelins manufactory; it was woven twenty times between 1730 and 1740 in the atelier of Claude LeBlond and eight times between 1733 and 1744 in the atelier of Mathieu Monmerqué and Pierre François Cozette. Monmerqué and Cozette made this hanging.

In the center are the royal arms in an oval shield encircled by the collars of the orders of the Holy Spirit and Saint Michael and displayed upon a mantling lined with ermine, with fleurs-de-lis on the back. Above the shield is the royal crown and below it the scepter and the hand of justice. At the top is the head of Apollo surrounded by rays; at the sides, trophies; at the bottom, a helmet and trophies. The border imitates a carved wooden frame.

125-129. THE HUNTS OF LOUIS XV.Château, Compiègne

This set of nine hangings, five of which are included in the exhibition, represents various hunting parties of King Louis XV. The designs for this series were made by Jean Baptiste Oudry between 1734 and 1745. They were twice woven into tapestry on high-warp looms in the Gobelins manufactory, once in the atelier of Monmerqué and once in the atelier of Audran. The tapestries exhibited are from the first series, which was ordered for the royal château at Compiègne. The second series is in the Uffizi in Florence.

125. THE HALLOO AT THE PONDS OF ST. JOHN. Wool and silk. 14 feet 1 inch × 16 feet 9 inches

A stag in the water is attacked by hounds. In the foreground the king, on horseback, turns to his uncle, the Count of Toulouse;

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A Handbook to the Loan Exhibition of French Tapestries: Mediaeval, Renaissance and Modern, from the Public and Private Collections of France
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