Urban Planning in a Multicultural Society

By Michael A. Burayidi | Go to book overview

NOTES
1.
The attitude described here is what psychoanalyst Melanie Klein ( 1952) called the depressive position. It is a developmental stage that may emerge in infancy where a child comes to recognize that the mother is a separate person who is both bad and good and that the child, too, is both good and bad. The child can then recognize similarities and differences with the mother without attaching rash judgments of goodness to the similarities and badness to the differences. This is the beginning of realistic thinking about others and the possibility of empathy.
2.
Argyris and Schön ( 1974, 1978; Argyris 1982; Schön 1983, 1987) offer examples of how professionals, including planners, and their clients resist reflecting on assumptions.
3.
Evans and Boyte ( 1992) description of "free spaces" uses different language to explain how communities can create the mental and political space to reflection and change themselves. The formulation of the planning process as a transitional space draws on Winnicott ( 1953, 1967) discussion of transitional objects.
4.
Baum ( 1997b) describes the planning process and study method in detail.
5.
Woocher ( 1986) describes how federation participants find in their civil activities emotional experiences similar to others' religious experiences.
6.
Baum ( 1997b) analyzes these relationships in detail.
7.
Baum ( 1997b) analyzes the work of the Jewish Continuity Subcommittee in detail.

REFERENCES

Argyris Chris. Reasoning, Learning, and Action. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1982.

Argyris Chris and Donald A. Schön. Theory in Practice. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. 1974.

Argyris Chris and Donald A. Schön. Organizational Learning. Reading, MA: AddisonWesley. 1978.

Arnstein Sherry R. "A Ladder of Citizen Participation". Journal of the American Institute of Planners 35, 1969:216-24.

Baum Howell S. Transference in Organizational Research. Administration and Society, vol. 6, no. 2, 1994:135-57.

Baum Howell S. Community Organizations Recruiting Community Participation: Predicaments in Planning. Paper presented to Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning, Fort Lauderdale, FL, November 1997a:6-9.

Baum Howell S. The Organization of Hope; Communities Planning Themselves. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press. 1997b.

Baum Howell S. Teaching Practice. Journal of Planning Education and Research, vol. 17, no. 1, 1997c:21-30.

Baum Howell S. "Ethical Behavior is Extraordinary Behavior; It's the Same as All Other Behavior: A Case Study in Community Planning". Journal of the American Planning Association, vol. 64, no. 4, 1998:411-23.

Cahn Louis F. Man's Concern for Man. Baltimore: Associated Jewish Charities and Welfare Fund. 1970.

Checkoway Barry. "Six Strategies of Community Change". Community Development Journal, vol. 30, 1995:2-20.

Davidoff Paul. "Advocacy and Pluralism in Planning". Journal of the American Institute of Planners, vol. 31, 1965:331-38.

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