Fifth, the town government offices should be relocated from Be'er Sheva to the town itself, giving residents a greater sense of access to, and participation in, the future of the town's planning and development.
Sixth, the town's social welfare planners should take a more direct and active approach in engaging more new residents to use their programs and initiatives. A "resettlement committee" should be available to help prepare families for moving, as well as provide follow-up services following their relocation.
In the final analysis, what continues to be most lacking in Segev Shalom and the other bedouin towns is a foundation for the establishment of communal-led civil institutions. Such a foundation, which might include the creation of formal or informal brotherhoods, religious associations, cooperatives, women's groups, or other community organizations that exist independently of the State-controlled superstructure, is lacking in the Negev bedouin case. That there are few such structures is emblematic of the community's current lack of a civil power base. Together such components are essential in helping form a basis for development through self-help, which can only further assist minority groups such as the bedouin in achieving self-determination and control heretofore absent from traditionally undertaken top-down planning initiatives.
It may be concluded, then, that further research on the development of bedouin civil society, including an emphasis upon how to help the bedouin community to help itself, is essential in ultimately furthering the social and economic development capacity of the resettlement initiative as a whole. A greater appreciation on the part of Israel's planners of how such civil entities can be developed may in turn facilitate the empowerment of the community. Such planning can benefit planners and residents alike, so that one day community members might run their own affairs, direct their own planning and development, and ultimately determine their own (hopefully) bright future.
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Urban Planning in a Multicultural Society. Contributors: Michael A. Burayidi - Editor. Publisher: Praeger Publishers. Place of publication: Westport, CT. Publication year: 2000. Page number: 189.
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