The Individual and the Political Order: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy

By Norman E. Bowie; Robert L. Simon | Go to book overview
26
Material in this section has appeared in Robert L. Simon, "Troubled Waters: Global Justice and Ocean Resources," in Tom Regan, ed., Earthbound ( New York: Random House, 1984) pp. 179-213 and is reprinted with the kind permission of Random House.
27
Some might argue that there are possible (although perhaps not probable) circumstances in which nuclear war might be the lesser of two evils. Suppose, for example, on threat of nuclear annihilation that a Nazi-like country demanded that the West surrender religious and racial minorities to it so that they could be exterminated. We suspect that some readers will think that no nation should give in to such a threat, even if refusing meant nuclear war. Of course, even if nuclear war arguably might be the lesser of two evils in some possible circumstances, it does not follow it is the lesser of two evils in any circumstances that are likely to actually develop.
28
This point is discussed by Gregory Kavka in his article, "Some Paradoxes of Deterrence," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. LXXV, No. 6 ( 1978): 285-302.
29
Douglas Lackey, "Ethics and Nuclear Deterrence," in Rachels, pp. 430-31.
30
Lackey, p. 439.
31
Such a claim is put forward by Nozick, p. 28ff. and is criticized by George Sher in his article "Rights Violations and Injustices: Can We Always Avoid Tradeoffs?" Ethics, Vol. 94, No. 2 ( 1984): 212-24.
32
Such a claim is defended by William H. Shaw in "Nuclear Deterrence and Deontology," Ethics, Vol. 94, No. 2 ( 1984): 248-60.

SUGGESTED READINGS

(Works on Ethics and International Affairs)

Aiken William and LaFollette Hugh, eds. World Hunger and Moral Obligation. Englewood Cliffs, NJ.: Prentice-Hall, 1977.

Beitz Charles. Political Theory and International Relations. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1979.

Brown Peter and Maclean Douglas, eds. Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy. Lexington, Mass.: Heath, 1979.

Hare J. E. and Joynt Carey B. Ethics and International Affairs. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1982.

Hoffman Stanley. Duties Beyond Borders: On the Limits and Possibilities of Ethical International Politics. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.

Nardin Terry. Law, Morality and the Relations of States. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1983.

Shue Henry. Basic Rights: Subsistance, Affluence and U.S. Foreign Policy. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Sterba James, ed. The Ethics of War and Nuclear Deterrence. Belmont, Ca.: Wadsworth, 1985.

Walzer Michael. Just and Unjust Wars. New York: Basic Books, 1979.

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The Individual and the Political Order: An Introduction to Social and Political Philosophy
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction 1
  • Selected Readings 5
  • One Love It or Leave It? Individual Conscience and Political Authority 7
  • Suggested Readings 26
  • Two Utilitarianism 28
  • Notes 46
  • Notes 47
  • Three Natural Rights: Meaning and Justification 72
  • Notes 74
  • Suggested Readings 75
  • Four Justice 77
  • Suggested Readings 112
  • Five Democracy and Political Obligation 114
  • Suggested Readings 140
  • Six Liberty 141
  • Notes 168
  • Notes 170
  • Seven Law and Order 171
  • Articles 201
  • Eight an Evaluation of Preferential Treatment 202
  • Notes 228
  • Notes 230
  • Nine Ethics and International Affairs 231
  • Notes 257
  • Notes 259
  • Index 260
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