|Mental Test Scores|
|Ratings of Potentially Stimulating|
Variables in the Home Environments
of Infants Aged Six Months
|Emotional and verbal responsivity||-.01||.09||.25*|
|Avoidance of restriction and punishment||.00||.04||.24*|
|Organization of physical and temporal||.22||.26||.40**|
|Provision of adequate play materials||.15||.07||.41**|
|Mother's involvement with the child||.06||.00||.32**|
|Opportunities for variety in daily||.20||.16||.30**|
|Bayley score at 6 months||-||.41**||.28*|
|Bayley score at 12 months||.41**||-||.32**|
|Stanford-Binet at 36 months||.28**||.32**||-|
|*Correlation of moderate significance (p<.05)|
|**Correlation of considerable significance (p<.01)|
|(Other correlations are not significantly different from zero)|
current mental status is an important source of information, even though his score has only limited predictability for his future status ( Bayley, 1970).
Physical development is very rapid during the first year of life, when the infant increases his length by over a third and his weight triples. Biological measures taken early in life are better predictors of later physical development than are the psychosocial variables in the infant's environment. Nutrition is a major factor in physical development, and poorly nourished infants are retarded in their cognitive development. Research with undernourished children in Peru suggests that placing such children on an adequate diet for an extended period does not bring them up to the norm on cognitive measures. But investigators following
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Psychology of the Child and the Adolescent. Edition: 4th. Contributors: Robert I. Watson - Author, Henry Clay Lindgren - Author. Publisher: Macmillan. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1979. Page number: 218.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.