|I.||BY that which is self-caused, I mean that of which the essence involves existence, or that of which the nature is only conceivable as existent.|
|II.||A thing is called finite after its kind, when it can be limited by another thing of the same nature; for instance, a body is called finite because we always conceive another greater body. So, also, a thought is limited by another thought, but a body is not limited by thought, nor a thought by body.|
|III.||By substance, I mean that which is in itself, and is conceived through itself: in other words, that of which a conception can be formed independently of any other conception.|
|IV.||By attribute, I mean that which the intellect perceives as constituting the essence of substance.|
|V.||By mode, I mean the modifications of substance, or that which exists in, and is conceived through, something other than itself.|
|VI.||By God, I mean a being absolutely infinite -- that is, a substance consisting in infinite attributes, of which each expresses eternal and infinite essentiality.|
Explanation. -- I say absolutely infinite, not infinite after its kind: for, of a thing infinite only after its kind, infinite attributes may be denied; but that which is absolutely infinite, contains in____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Modern Classical Philosophers:Selections Illustrating Modern Philosophy from Bruno to Bergson. Contributors: Benjamin Rand - Author. Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Company. Place of publication: Boston. Publication year: 1908. Page number: 148.
This material is protected by copyright and, with the exception of fair use, may not be further copied, distributed or transmitted in any form or by any means.