|1.||THE Monad, of which we shall here speak, is merely a simple substance entering into those which are compound; simple, that is to say, without parts.|
|2.||And there must be simple substances, since there are compounds; for the compound is only a collection or aggregation of simple things.|
|3.||Where there are no parts, neither extension nor figure, nor divisibility is possible; and these Monads are the veritable atoms of nature and, in a word, the elements of things.|
|4.||There is thus no danger of dissolution, and there is no conceivable way in which a simple substance can perish naturally.|
|5.||For the same reason, there is no way in which a simple substance can begin naturally, since it could not be formed by composition.|
|6.||Therefore we may say that the Monads can neither begin nor end in any other way than all at once; that is to say, they cannot begin except by creation, nor end except by annihilation; whereas that which is compounded, begins and ends by parts.|
|7.||There is also no intelligible way in which a Monad can be altered or changed in its interior by any other created thing; since it would be impossible to transpose anything in it, or conceive in it any internal movement which could be excited, directed, augmented or diminished within, such as may take place|
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Publication information: Book title: Modern Classical Philosophers:Selections Illustrating Modern Philosophy from Bruno to Bergson. Contributors: Benjamin Rand - Author. Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Company. Place of publication: Boston. Publication year: 1908. Page number: 199.
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