In 1988, a number of Iranian universities and research centers sponsored The International Conference on Aggression and Defense. I owe a great deal to many people who contributed both in organizing the conference and later in preparing the book. Dr. Kamal Kharazi, a professor at Tehran University and the conference chair, maintained his enthusiasm and encouragement throughout the book's preparation. Walda Metcalf and the staff at the University Press of Florida deserve special thanks not only for their competent work but for keeping the lines of communication open with me overseas. The contributors were thoughtful, generous, and forthcoming. The staff who helped translate some of the papers from Persian into English and those who helped in typing were kind and helpful. The comments of the anonymous readers of the manuscript were welcomed and are hereby acknowledged.