Area Handbook for Ivory Coast

By T. D. Roberts; Donald M. Bouton et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 18
AGRICULTURE

Agriculture has always played a commanding role in the daily life of the people and in 1962 was by far the main element in the country's economy. Although somewhat less than one-tenth of the entire land area was estimated to be under cultivation, about nine-tenths of the population made a living from the soil, and agriculture and animal husbandry accounted for about three-quarters of the country's total production. Leading the production as moneymakers were coffee, cocoa and bananas, raised for export (see ch. 17, Character and Structure of the Economy).

Because the country lies wholly within a rather narrow belt near the equator, the variety of agricultural products that can be raised successfully is limited. Within these limits, however, a somewhat meager natural endowment has been enlarged by the selection and introduction of improved new species for which the environment was favorable (see ch. 3, Geography and Population). As a consequence, the range of agricultural products has progressively widened and in 1962 included most of the tropical products of importance in the world.

Before the French came agricultural activity was almost entirely aimed at satisfying the immediate food requirements of the small family groups that formed the basic social units. Methods were crude and wasteful by modern standards; the people were acquainted with only the most primitive farm implements; and soil conservation was limited to shifting cultivation, which in the long run did more harm than good. Except for a few wild forest products, such as kola nuts and palm oil, that could be taken from the trees and traded with the people of the far north or with Europeans from coastal vessels at the beaches, agriculture for commerce was unknown.

Under French rule the efforts of colonial administrators were directed toward exploiting the country's agricultural possibilities and the timber in its forests as sources of raw materials for export (see ch. 19, Industry). Not content with merely improving the yield of long- established crops, the French introduced new plants and trees upon which to base expanded export production. These measures entailed fundamental changes in agricultural aims and practices which, although far from complete in 1962, had already profoundly affected the attitudes and institutions of the entire country.

Agriculture is no longer wholly concerned with local subsistence, as

-289-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Area Handbook for Ivory Coast
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 452

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.