Area Handbook for Ivory Coast

By T. D. Roberts; Donald M. Bouton et al. | Go to book overview

CHAPTER 21
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN TRADE

Despite a trend toward diversification and expansion in recent years, the Ivory Coast's foreign trade in 1962 still resembled the classical colonial pattern. In general terms, its exports consisted of the primary products of tropical agriculture, and its imports, of manufactured or processed goods. Molded by France's long-standing policy of complementary and noncompetitive exchange between its West African territories and the metropolis, the pattern was one of heavy dependence on France, not only as a preferential market but as a favored supplier. The narrow and rather exclusive economic relationships of colonial days which linked the Ivory Coast so closely to France also hindered the development of commercial ties with other African territories. Consequently, the Ivory Coast's external African trade, even with its nearest neighbors, was of only minor importance in 1962.

In 1962, although the preferential arrangements with France resulted in an artificial pattern of trade, hindered diversification of export products, and were an obstacle to expansion of commercial relations with other countries, they were benefiting the Ivory Coast, at least for the time-being. For some years the volume and value of trade has been on the increase, and since 1950 the balance has been continuously favorable, in spite of heavy imports for development of the country's infrastructure. The position was strengthened by a substantial flow of financial aid, mainly from European sources, which was expected to continue for at least 5 years.

Despite a recent increase in the volume and variety of products, the trading base of the Ivory Coast still has the fundamental weakness found in most underdeveloped economies--heavy reliance on the export of a few primary raw commodities. In 1961 coffee and cocoa comprised well over half of the country's total exports, and together with timber and bananas, brought in over nine-tenths of the export earnings. Furthermore, the gains from these commodities were to a considerable extent dependent on artificially high prices in a protected and subsidized market in France and, through France, in the European Economic Community (EEC) (composed of France, the Federal Republic of Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and Italy--Common Market countries, sometimes called the European Six).

In the fall of 1962 there was uncertainty in the Ivory Coast over

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Area Handbook for Ivory Coast
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Foreword iii
  • Table of Contents v
  • Preface to the Second Edition ix
  • Country Summary xi
  • Summary of Events: January 1963--December 1972 xv
  • Bibliography lvii
  • Preface to the First Edition lxv
  • Section I. Sociological Background 1
  • Chapter 1 General Character of the Society 1
  • Chapter 2 Historical Setting 7
  • Chapter 3 Geography and Population 29
  • Chapter 4 Ethnic Groups and Languages 55
  • Chapter 5 Family 79
  • Chapter 6 Social Structure 95
  • Chapter 7 Education and Intellectual Expression 111
  • Chapter 8 Religion 131
  • Chapter 9 Artistic Expression 145
  • Chapter 10 Health and Welfare 155
  • Chapter 11 Social Values and Patterns of Living 169
  • Bibliography 179
  • Section II. Political Background 189
  • Chapter 12 Constitution and Government 189
  • Chapter 13 Political Dynamics 213
  • Chapter 14 Foreign Policy 231
  • Chapter 15 Information and Propaganda 251
  • Chapter 16 Attitudes and Reactions of the People 265
  • Bibliography 273
  • Section III. Economic Background 283
  • Chapter 17 Character and Structure of the Economy 283
  • Chapter 18 Agriculture 289
  • Chapter 19 Industry 309
  • Chapter 20 Labor 331
  • Chapter 21 Domestic and Foreign Trade 349
  • Chapter 22 Financial System 367
  • Bibliography 387
  • Section IV. National Security 395
  • Chapter 23 Public Order and Internal Security 395
  • Chapter 24 the Armed Forces 411
  • Bibliography 427
  • Glossary 431
  • Index 437
  • Published Area Handbooks 449
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