This book began with an invitation from Tom Young to participate in a conference at London University's School of Oriental and African Studies in March 1992 on multi-party politics and elections in Africa. Meeting for the first time for several years, the authors were pleased to discover that our assessments of the prospects for political pluralism in Kenya and our predictions of the forthcoming election were very similar. Following the conference, we began to write the introductory chapter and by the end of 1994, the manuscript was virtually complete. Producing any book is a collective enterprise, especially one in which the two authors have lived over 3,000 miles apart in respectively London and Accra and the final task of preparing and checking end notes along with the production of tables, graphs and maps has proved to be a protracted process.
Our greatest debt lies with the Nuffield Foundation, which provided us with a generous grant to finance two visits to Kenya to observe the final stages of the party primaries and the whole election campaign from late November 1992 to January 1993. David Throup would also particularly like to thank Sir Brian Fender, then Vice-Chancellor of Keele University, and Professor Martin Harrison and his colleagues in the Politics Department for granting him special leave of absence in the middle of term to undertake this research. We also wish to acknowledge the help and assistance of the staff of the University Library at Cambridge, Rhodes House at Oxford, and the Institute of Commonwealth Studies and SOAS libraries in London over many years of study.
Amongst those in Kenya to whom we owe a debt of gratitude are Grace Githu, the director of NEMU, and her staff and the NEMU Council of Elders for their advice and assistance throughout the campaign. We would also like to acknowledge the assistance we received from the staff of The Daily Nation: while the journalists freely shared their knowledge and insights into Kenyan politics, and enabled us to gain access to their back archives, the newspaper's librarians provided us with invaluable information, press cuttings and photographs.
Charles Hornsby would particularly like to thank his godfather Isaac Omolo-Okero for his wisdom and guidance, while David Throup owes a great debt to George and Rose Waruhiu, and his former student Patricia, who provided him with introductions to key figures in the Democratic Party and to local activists in Githunguri, and for hosting his visits on Nomination and Election Days.
Judy Geist, as ever, proved invaluable as a source of hard psephological information, while Joel Barkan, USAID Governance Adviser, provided a host of introductions to members of the diplomatic corps and opposition politicians. Patrick Smith, the editor of Africa Confidential, provided us both