Multi-Party Politics in Kenya: The Kenyatta & Moi States & the Triumph of the System in the 1992 Election

By David W. Throup; Charles Hornsby | Go to book overview

Notes
1. C. P. W. Hornsby, 'The Role of the Member of Parliament in Kenya, 1969-83', unpublished D.Phil. thesis, Oxford University, 1985, passim.
2. Economist Intelligence Unit, Quarterly Country Reports, Kenya, 1978 to 1982.
3. Republic of Kenya, Kenya Population Census, 1989, volume 1, Central Bureau of Statistics, Office of the Vice President, Ministry of Planning and National Development, March 1994, calculated that 21,544,329 Kenyans were counted in the August 1989 census. See also, World Bank, Kenya: Population and Development, Africa Regional Office, World Bank, Washington D.C., 1980, passim; and Accelerated Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: An Agenda for Action, Africa Regional Office, World Bank, Washington, D.C., 1981, pp. 112-14.
4. David Throup, 'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State' in M. G. Schatzberg (ed.), The Political Economy of the Kenya, pp. 57-64. One informant pungently expressed the opinion that development resources were taken away from Central Province to build roads in Baringo 'for cows to sleep on'.
5. Ibid., pp. 52-67. See also Jennifer A. Widner, The Rise of a Party-State in Kenya, pp. 130-61.
6. Weekly Review, Nairobi, 19 October 1979, pp. 3-4.
7. David Throup, 'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State', pp. 43-6. See also C. Sanger and J. Nottingham, "'The Kenya general election of 1963'", Journal of Modern African Studies, vol. 2, no. 1 ( 1964), pp. 20-3.
8. David Throup, 'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State', pp. 35-6, 43-50 and 52-70; Weekly Review, Nairobi, 10 November 1979, pp. 9-10 and p. 19; and several informants from Nandi District.
9. Weekly Review, Nairobi, 15 September 1978, pp. 2-6; 6 October 1978, pp. 9-13; and 13 October 1978, pp. 10-17.
10. Jennifer A. Widner, The Rise of a Party-State in Kenya, pp. 133-7.
11. Weekly Review, Nairobi, 25 April 1980, p. 5. Njonjo had long wanted to enter politics, but Kenyatta had told him to wait when he had requested permission to contest a Kikuyu constituency in 1974.
12. Jennifer A. Widner, The Rise of a Party-State in Kenya, pp. 137-43.
13. Weeky Review, 5 March 1982, pp. 4-5. G. G. Kariuki was apparently so incensed at his transfer that he removed all the funiture, even the carpets, from his office in the Office of the President, when he was moved to Lands and Settlement.
14. Ibid. Magugu proved a failure as Finance Minister, demonstrating little understanding of the complex economic problems confronting the regime. He even failed to deliver the 1983 Budget on time, having to postpone its Parliamentary presentation until certain financial details were finalised.
15. Jennifer A. Widner, The Rise of a Party-State in Kenya, pp. 137-43; and Kiraitu Murungi, 'Forms and Illusions of Democracy in Africa's One-Party States', paper presented as the Seminar on Human Rights Research, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, May 1991, quoted in Widner, p. 145.
16. David Throup, "'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State'", pp. 64-5. See also the extensive coverage in the Kenyan media, especially, Weekly Review, 6 August 1982, pp. 3-17; 13 August, 1982, pp. 8-16; 20 August 1982, pp. 4-10; 27 August 1982, pp. 3-7; 3 September 1982, pp. 3-4; and 14 January 1983, pp. 13-18; and Viva Magazine, August 1982, pp. 3-22. Africa Confidential, London, 25 August 1982, pp. 1-3 and Race and Class, vol. 24, no. 3 ( 1983), pp. 221-326 contain interesting analyses of the coup d'état and the political situation in Kenya. From this time on, Njonjo no longer had unrestricted access to the President.
17. Weekly Review, 20 August 1982, pp. 4-8; and 3 September 1982, pp. 3-7.
18. David Throup, "'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State'", pp. 65-7; and Africa Confidential, London, 2 January 1985, p. 7; 14 August 1985, p. 8; and 9 April 1986, p. 2. Mohammed's brother Maalim Mohammed became MP lot Dujis and Minister of State in the Office of the President in 1983. Lengees's brother also became MP for Samburu West, ensuring the army's political representation in the ruling circles.
19. Ibid.
20. Africa Confidential, London, 2 January 1985, p. 7.
21. David Throup, "'The Construction and Destruction of the Kenyatta State'". See also Kate

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Multi-Party Politics in Kenya: The Kenyatta & Moi States & the Triumph of the System in the 1992 Election
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Figures, Tables & Photographs v
  • Acknowledgements viii
  • One - Introduction 1
  • Two - The Independence Struggle the Development of Political Consciousness 7
  • Three - The Creation of the Moi State 26
  • Notes 51
  • Four - The Regime in Crisis, January 1990-December 1991 54
  • Notes 88
  • Five - The Rise and Fall of the Opposition, December 1991-October 1992 92
  • Notes 164
  • Six - Kanu Fights Back December 1991-October 1992 173
  • Notes 237
  • Seven - The Electoral Process 242
  • Notes 285
  • Eight - The Beginnings of the Campaign & the Party Primaries 288
  • Notes 335
  • Nine - The Election Campaign 339
  • Notes 417
  • Ten - Election Day & the Results 424
  • Notes 451
  • Eleven - Why Kanu Won 453
  • Notes 527
  • Twelve - Kanu Rules the Nation 533
  • Thirteen - Conclusions the Emergence of Multi-Party Competition 582
  • Notes 603
  • Appendices 604
  • Index 642
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