Multi-Party Politics in Kenya: The Kenyatta & Moi States & the Triumph of the System in the 1992 Election

By David W. Throup; Charles Hornsby | Go to book overview
stable regional basis of support, around a single leader with a rock-solid base. Odinga was clearly going to take Northern and most of Southern Nyanza. Among the Bukusu, Muliro's legacy and the presence of Mukisa Kituyi and other Young Turks would ensure a solid turn-out amongst the Abaluhya. Elsewhere, all depended on how the parties split, and whether the resulting organisations could establish a solid base when competing against each other as well as the DP and KANU. Matiba had a clear dominance in Nairobi and Murang'a, but elsewhere his position was far from strong. Shikuku's support gave him some backing in Kakamega district in Western Province, but since Shikuku came from a small Luhya clan, his success elsewhere in the District was far from certain. Neither had really penetrated KANU's home areas.It was also becoming clear that the young professionals were finding it difficult to convert mass protest support into effective machines for electoral mobilisation, and that some were losing out to more established machine politicians in their local areas, more experienced at giving the voters what they wanted. There was a clear tension, which was to become even more obvious after the election, between the 'intellectuals' who tended to view themselves as national figures, without particular loyalties to their local areas except in so far as was necessary to ensure their continued return to the national stage, and the populists, mainly old-time machine politicians, who saw their interests lying much closer to home in the traditional Kenyan manner.
Notes
1. Weekly Review, 3 January 1992, p. 3. See also, Weekly Review, 13 December 1991, p. 10.
2. Weekly Review, 3 January 1992, pp. 3-17, and 10 January 1992, pp. 3-8. See also Nairobi Law Monthly, no. 39, December 1991, p. 2 and pp. 12-17; and Finance, 16-31 December 1991, pp. 2-3 and 16-17. Geoffrey Kariithi, as a senior Kikuyu civil servant from the Kenyatta era, was initially expected to join Mwai Kibaki's DP, see Weekly Review, 3 January 1992, pp. 10-11. Kariithi, however, opted for FORD and was elected chairman of its pro-Matiba Kirinyaga branch, see Standard, 22 September 1992, p. 4.
3. Weekly Review, 14 August 1992, pp. 6-9; 13 December 1991, pp. 3-8; 3 January 1992, pp. 19-20; and 10 January 1992, pp. 8-10.
4. Weekly Review, 10 January 1992,pp. 8-10.
5. Weekly Review, 3 April 1992, p. 6; 14 August 1992, pp. 6-9; and 6 march 1992, pp. 11-12.
6. Weekly Review, 10 January 1992, p. 9; and 17 January 1992, pp. 11-12.
7. Weekly Review, 7 February 1992, pp. 3-9.
8. Kibaki had served as Minister of Health since his demotion from the Vice-Presidency in 1988.
9. Weekly Review, 3 January 1992, pp. 3-5.
10. Ibid.
11. Ibid., p. 3. See also The Times, London, 3 January 1992, p. 7.
12. Weekly Review, 3 January 1992, pp. 14-15.
13. Finance, 15 March 1992, pp. 14-15 provides a detailed assessment of the DP's prospects under the headline, 'The Rebirth of Mwai Kibaki'.
14. Weekly Review, 3 January 1992 and pp. 5-15; and 10 January 1992, p. 3-7; and Summary of World Broadcasts, 4 January 1992 and January 1992, p. 1.
15. See the issues of the two papers for this period.

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Multi-Party Politics in Kenya: The Kenyatta & Moi States & the Triumph of the System in the 1992 Election
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page i
  • Contents iii
  • Figures, Tables & Photographs v
  • Acknowledgements viii
  • One - Introduction 1
  • Two - The Independence Struggle the Development of Political Consciousness 7
  • Three - The Creation of the Moi State 26
  • Notes 51
  • Four - The Regime in Crisis, January 1990-December 1991 54
  • Notes 88
  • Five - The Rise and Fall of the Opposition, December 1991-October 1992 92
  • Notes 164
  • Six - Kanu Fights Back December 1991-October 1992 173
  • Notes 237
  • Seven - The Electoral Process 242
  • Notes 285
  • Eight - The Beginnings of the Campaign & the Party Primaries 288
  • Notes 335
  • Nine - The Election Campaign 339
  • Notes 417
  • Ten - Election Day & the Results 424
  • Notes 451
  • Eleven - Why Kanu Won 453
  • Notes 527
  • Twelve - Kanu Rules the Nation 533
  • Thirteen - Conclusions the Emergence of Multi-Party Competition 582
  • Notes 603
  • Appendices 604
  • Index 642
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