The Speech Defective
The primary concern of speech correction is the person. . . . It is not enough to know what sort of a speech defect a person has. In addition, one should know what kind of a person has a speech defect. The speech defect has no particular meaning apart from the person who presents the defect. We are not interested in speech defects but in speech defectives.1
In these words, Travis expresses the reason for this chapter. Speech correction is but one small area in the field of clinical psychology, and the speech correctionist who thinks that he deals with lisping rather than lispers, and with stuttering rather than stutterers, will find discouragement at every turn. It is true that many of our therapeutic techniques are focused directly upon the symptoms and etiology. It is also true that the principles of retraining children who substitute t for k are stated in rather general terms which may be applied to the majority of such cases. Yet the mere fact that he who guarantees a "cure" in speech correction is immediately labelled as a "quack" would seem to indicate that there is more to the problem than an application of corrective rules. The successful speech correctionist soon learns to study his students, to fit his therapy to their needs, abilities, and limitations, and to help them solve the personality and behavior problems that tend to____________________
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Publication information: Book title: Speech Correction: Principles and Methods. Contributors: C. Van Riper - Author. Publisher: Prentice-Hall. Place of publication: New York. Publication year: 1939. Page number: 62.