Speech Correction: Principles and Methods

By C. Van Riper | Go to book overview

II
Treatment of Articulatory Disorders

This chapter concerns itself with the treatment of the articulatory defects, which is outlined in some detail. Many speech correctionists ignore the fact that more than 70 percent of all the speech defects are articulatory, and, if they treat them at all, they do so superficially and haphazardly. It should again be emphasized that children do not outgrow speech defects. Some of them overcome their difficulties through blundering methods of self-help, but too many others do not. They require treatment which is carefully planned and carried out. Since most of the texts in speech correction give a host of drill material for the various speech sounds, this text will ignore such drill and will concentrate upon techniques and policies.

General principles of treatment. With the exception of neurotic lisping and neurotic baby talk, the treatment for all of the articulatory disorders follows the same general plan. Many variations must be made for the individual problems which arise, but these will be provided for within our discussion. Lalling, lisping, baby talk, oral inaccuracy, foreign speech, sound substitutions, omissions, and distortions of all kinds may be eradicated in much the same way. The neurotic disorders seldom respond to such treatment and require emotional retraining and adjustment prior to actual speech correction.

The course of treatment for the majority of articulation

-208-

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Speech Correction: Principles and Methods
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • Illustrations xix
  • I - Speech Handicaps and the Need for Speech Correction 1
  • References 9
  • 2 - The Nature of Speech 12
  • References 36
  • 3 - The Development of Speech 39
  • References 48
  • 4 - Recognition and Prevention of Speech Disorders 51
  • References 59
  • 5 - The Speech Defective 62
  • References 89
  • 6 - The Speech Correctionist and General Procedures in Treatment 93
  • References 112
  • 7 - The Case History 114
  • References 138
  • 8 - Special Tests and Examination Methods 140
  • References 153
  • Speech Tests 156
  • References 181
  • 10 - Treatment of the Child Who Has Not Learned to Talk 183
  • References 206
  • II - Treatment of Articulatory Disorders 208
  • References 264
  • 12 - The Treatment of Voice Disorders 269
  • References 309
  • 13 - The Treatment of Stuttering 316
  • References 392
  • 14 - Cleft-Palate Speech 402
  • References 413
  • 15 - The Problem of Bilingualism and Foreign Dialect 416
  • References 426
  • Index 429
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