Thought and Knowledge: An Introduction to Critical Thinking

By Diane F. Halpern | Go to book overview
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6
Thinking as Hypothesis Testing

Contents
Understanding Hypothesis Testing
Explanation, Prediction, and Control
Inductive and Deductive Methods
Operational Definitions
Independent and Dependent Variables
Measurement Sensitivity
Populations and Samples
Variability
Determining Cause
Isolation and Control of Variables
Prospective and Retrospective Research
Correlation and Cause
Validity
Reliability
Thinking About Errors
Experience Is an Expensive Teacher
Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
Occult Beliefs and the Paranormal
Thinking as an Intuitive Scientist
Applying the Framework
Chapter Summary
Terms to Know
Suggested Readings

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