Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English

By Sidney Greenbaum | Go to book overview

7
Developing the ICE Corpus Utility Program

NICK PORTER and AKIVA QUINN


1. DEVELOPMENT

1.1. Motivation and Requirements

Soon after the Survey of English Usage initiated the project, it was realized that there was a need for a general corpus processing and analysis tool for the International Corpus of English. In its broadest conception, this tool was to cover the central requirements for corpus preparation and study, including corpus annotation, markup conversion and filtering, searching, concordancing, statistical analyses, subcorpus information, and subcorpus selection. The system would primarily target ICE corpora, yet would provide a range of general corpus utilities equally applicable to other corpora.

The requirements for ICECUP were determined by the design and content of ICE and the corpus utilities that were to be provided. The International Corpus exists primarily to allow comparison between national and regional varieties of English, but further, each component corpus is structured according to medium (spoken, manuscript, and printed) and genre (news, business, natural sciences, novels, and so on). Describing and quantifying linguistic features within national, medium, and genre categories is a key requirement.

ICE corpora use Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) to encode typographic and content features of a text, as well as word-classes, syntactic structures, and functions. Searches and concordances should be able to include any combination of these markup symbols in their search arguments, together with lexical items, punctuation, and wildcards. The citations or concordance lines shown should be able to focus attention on relevant annotations by selectively filtering out markup symbols. Making functions easy to find, and providing help to explain the options at any point in the program, are also key parts of the specification. Besides providing facilities to support linguistic research, ICECUP has to be easy to use and accessible to potential users.


1.2. Design Issues

A modular programming language that is widely used, and available on a popular platform, would enhance the program's flexibility and reusability. Languages such

-79-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Comparing English Worldwide: The International Corpus of English
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 290

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.