Selective Exposure to Communication

By Dolf Henry Zillmann; Jennings P. Bryant | Go to book overview

extended exposure. It may be suggested that children will not be interested in or affected by the viewing of media violence unless or until aggression becomes a meaningful part of their own existence. In principle then, to remove the audience for media violence, we need to construct an environment where people find it unnecessary to think or act aggressively; in reality, this is clearly a formidable problem.


REFERENCES

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Andison, F. S. ( 1977). "TV violence and viewer aggression: A cumulation of study results, 1956- 1976". Public Opinion Quarterly, 41, 314-331.

Atkinson, J. W., Heyns, R. W., & Veroff, J. ( 1954). "The effect of experimental arousal of the affiliation motive on thematic apperception". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 49, 455-460.

Atkinson, J. W., & McClelland, D. C. ( 1948). "The projective expression of needs". Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 643-658.

Bandura, A. ( 1973). Aggression: A social learning analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Belson, W. ( 1978). Television violence and the adolescent boy. London: Saxon House.

Berkowitz, L. ( 1965). "Some aspects of observed aggression". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2, 359-369.

Berkowitz, L., & Powers, P. ( 1979). "Effects of timing and justification of witnessed aggression on observers' punitiveness". Journal of Research in Personality, 13, 71-80.

Bogart, L. ( 1972). "Warning: The surgeon-general has determined that TV violence is moderately dangerous to your child's mental health". Public Opinion Quarterly, 36, 391-421.

Boyanowsky, E. O., Newtson, D., & Walster, E. ( 1974). "Film preferences following murder". Communicatns Research, 1, 32-43.

Brock, T. C., & Buss, A. H. ( 1962). "Dissonance, aggression, and evaluation of pain". Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 65, 197-202.

Bruner, J. S. ( 1973). Beyond the information given: Studies in the psychology of knowing. New York: Norton.

Byrne, D. ( 1976). "Sexual imagery". In J. Money & H. Musaph (Eds.), Handbook of sexology (pp. 336-345). Amsterdam: Excerpta Medica.

Carroll, J. S. ( 1978). "The effect of imagining an event on expectations for the event: An interpretation in terms of the availability heuristic". Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 14, 88-96.

Check, J., & Malamuth, N. ( 1984). "Can there be positive effects of participation in pornography experiments?" Journal of Sex Research, 20, 14-31.

Cline, V. B., Croft, R. G., & Courrier, S. ( 1973). "Desensitization of children to television violence". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 27, 360-365.

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Comstock, G. ( 1980). "New emphases in research on the effects of television and film violence". In E. L. Palmer & A. Dorr (Eds.), Children and the faces of television: Teaching, violence, selling (pp. 129-148). New York: Academic Press.

Diener, E., & DeFour, D. ( 1978). "Does television violence enhance program popularity?" Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36, 333-341.

Dominick, J. R., & Greenberg, B. S. ( 1972). Attitudes toward violence: The interaction of televi-

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Selective Exposure to Communication
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Preface xi
  • 1 - Selective-Exposure Phenomena 1
  • 2 - Cognitive Dissonance in Selective Exposure 11
  • References 31
  • 3 - Measuring Exposure to Television 35
  • References 58
  • 4 - Informational Utility and Selective Exposure to Entertainment Media 63
  • References 88
  • 5 - Determinants of Television Viewing Preferences 93
  • References 110
  • 6 - Thought and Action as Determinants of Media Exposure 113
  • References 136
  • 7 - Fear of Victimization and the Appeal of Crime Drama 141
  • References 154
  • 8 - Affect, Mood, and Emotion as Determinants of Selective Exposure 157
  • References 187
  • 9 - Selective Exposure to Educational Television 191
  • References 200
  • 10 - Cable and Program Choice 203
  • References 223
  • 11 - "Play It Again, Sam": Repeated Exposure to Television Programs 225
  • Acknowledgment 241
  • Author Index 243
  • Subject Index 249
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