Human-Computer Interaction: Communication, Cooperation, and Application Design

By Hans-Jörg Bullinger; Jürgen Ziegler | Go to book overview

use of these systems. Aiming wide acceptance of CAL systems, having the good system model (the Intelligent Tutoring Systems, for example), an investigation should also be performed toward how the everyday life processes will enable the development and distribution of these systems. A model of development and use process should be created to find out how the developers and users are getting benefits from participation in the process and how this leads to wide acceptance and use of the CAL systems. A realistic implementation is based on benefit oriented models ( Eskenasi et al. 1993). Further, by considering the context in which the development and usage processes are carried out, a set of software systems (CAL systems, authoring system and so on, i.e. systems which should support the ongoing processes) can be defined and the basic features of these systems must be specified. This way of modelling can outline the proper model of the CAL systems and can ensure their wide acceptance.


3 Process Model for Medical Domain

A model of the development and use is proposed (

Fig.1
) which differs from traditional model (Fig.2) with respect to the reorganised communication/ interaction channels between the actors and with respect to the increased amount of benefits for the actors. The reorganised communication channels preserve the existing form of interactions between the domain experts and between students and teachers, thus providing better communication and collaboration facilities. Increased amount of benefits for the actors together with the preserved communication/interaction channels facilitates the introduction of the new technology.

In the traditional process (Fig.2), developers develop particular CAL system by consulting domain experts and/or teachers to determine what the system should teach (Domain Knowledge) and by consulting teachers and pedagogic experts to determine how the system should teach (Pedagogical Knowledge). Practice has shown that resulting CAL system reflects views of only those developers, teachers, and domain experts involved in the development of particular CAL system and hence the system is usable only to very few students. The usage part of the traditional process restricts the interaction between student and teacher, because student is expected to interact with the system rather than discussing the topic with the teacher. In short, traditional approach lacks provision of collaboration between developers, experts and students resulting such CAL systems which do not have desired properties, are very expensive and are not quite usable.

-622-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Human-Computer Interaction: Communication, Cooperation, and Application Design
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 1364

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.