|7. ||Statesmen--e.g.,Disraeli, Chamberlain, Ferry, McKinley, Roosevelt.|
B. POPULAR MOTIVES.
|1. ||Fear--hence desire for:|
|a. ||Naval bases or strategically situated regions to protect the
mother-country or its possessions.|
|b. ||Control of raw materials needed in war.|
|c. ||Guaranty of future economic prosperity by possession of colonies.|
|2. ||Surplus population fallacy ( Japan, Germany, Italy).|
|a. ||Popularity of idea that colonies are needed as outlets for surplus
|b. ||Unreality of the idea in practice (compare below, Part 8, IV).|
|3. ||Popular belief in national economic solidarity--hence readiness to
support private business interests of fellow-citizens as opposed
|4. ||Popular desire for national greatness, prestige, honor.|
|a. ||Belief that a great nation must maintain its prestige by protecting
its citizens and their property in other countries.|
|i. ||German seizure of Kiaochow to avenge murder of
|ii. ||Boer War to protect British in Transvaal.|
|b. ||Desire to have an empire as large as that of other nations.|
|i. ||German desire for "a place in the sun."|
|ii. ||Italian willingness to spend millions on a relatively
barren but impressively extensive African empire.|
|c. ||Desire to punish atrocities or insults to the flag--"Remember the
Maine"--as a motive often indirectly leading to imperialist
|d. ||Unwillingness to be humiliated by allowing some other nation
to obtain a disputed territory--Franco-German quarrel over Morocco.|
|5. ||Aggressive altruism.|
|a. || Kipling's conception of "The White Man's Burden," and English
pride in English humanitarianism applied to India.|
|b. ||French "mission civilisatrice" in Africa.|
|c. ||German belief in extension of "Kultur" to Africans.|
|d. ||American pride in sanitary, educational and other reforms in Philippines and Caribbean; Wilson's Mexican policy of "shooting men into self-government."|
V. IN CENTRAL AFRICA
References:--( Moon, chs. v, vii). * Lucas, # 9-76, * 76-99, * 163-175.
* Woolf, Economic Imperialism, ch. ii. # Woolf, Empire and Commerce, 51-8, 228-312, 330-7. # Morel, Black Man's Burden, 15-23, 109-147.
# Johnston, chs. viii, x-xii, xiv. # Harris, chs. i-iii, v, and pp. 108-119. Keltie, Partition of Africa, chs. viii-x, xiii, xv, xviii. # Bowman, The
New World, 553-8. Rose, Development of European Nations, pt. 2, 268-98. Keith, Belgian Congo and the Berlin Act. # Stanley, The Congo and the
Founding of Its Free State; Through the Dark Continent; How I FoundLivingstone
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Book title: Syllabus on International Relations.
Contributors: Parker Thomas Moon - Author, Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) - OrganizationName.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1925.
Page number: 43.
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