Syllabus on International Relations

By Parker Thomas Moon; Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) | Go to book overview
2. Important army bills on eve of Great War.
a. Germany--army laws of 1912 and 1913.
b. France--"Three Year Service Law."
c. Russia--Reorganization of army 1909-12. Law of 1913.
d. Austria-Hungary--Law of 1912.
e. Agitation for conscription in England.
f. Increases in several smaller states.

B. INCREASED NAVAL ARMAMENT.
Special References:-- * Enock, 25-32, 174-8. A. Hurd and H. Castle, German Sea Power. E. Protheroe, The British Navy. J. Leyland, The Royal Navy. H. Asquith, The Genesis of the War. A. T. Mahan, Influence of Sea Power. Haldane, Before the War. Tirpitz, My Memoirs. World Peace Foundation, Staggering Burden. Churchill, The World Crisis.
1. Britain's historic position as mistress of the sea.
2. Inauguration of new era in 19th century by use of iron and steel ships.
3. British naval rivalry with France and Russia before 1904, and England's two-power standard.
4. German naval laws of 1898 and 1900, and beginning of Anglo-German naval rivalry.
5. The "Dreadnought" ( 1906) and the competition in dreadnought and superdreadnought types.
6. Failure of Hague Conferences to limit armaments.
7. Failure of Anglo-German negotiations in 1912-13, and of Col. House's mission in 191 (see Hendrick, Life and Letters of W. H. Page) for limitation of naval armaments.
8. The British policy of "two keels to one."
9. Naval agreements among the Entente Powers.
10. Relation of the U. S. to Japanese and European naval armaments.
11. Relative size of navies in 1914.

C. THE "STAGGERING BURDEN"--THE INCREASING COST OF ARMAMENTS.

Special References:-- * Enock, 32-40, 100-13, 179-85. World Peace Foundation, The Staggering Burden. Other references above. # Duggan , 122.


III. REASONS FOR GROWTH OF ARMAMENTS AND MILITARISM

References:-- * Enock, 1-23. * Krehbiel, pt. 1. * Page, ch. 1. # P. Kerr and L. Curtis, Prevention of War, chs. 1-3. # R. M. Johnston, Arms and the Race, ch. v. Crosby, chs. 25-6, 30-9, 60-1. A few of the innumerable justifications of militarism may be found in: Grumbach, Germany's Annexationist Aims. William II, The Kaiser's Memoirs, ch. ix. F. von Bernhardi, Germany and the Next War. Mahan, Armaments and Arbitration. J. H. Cramb, Imperial Britain. H. Maxim, Defenseless America. T. Roosevelt, America and the World War, esp. ch. x. K. Pearson, National Life from the Standpoint of Science. G. C. Coulton, The Main Illusions of Pacifism. J. H. Jones, Economics of War and Conquest. For pacifist criticisms of militarism, see: * Norman Angell, Arms and Industry, ch. v, The Great Illusion, and other works. F. W. Hirst , Political Economy of War, esp. ch. v. F. Howe, Why War. Newbold, How Europe Armed for War. E. D. Morel, Military Preparations for the Great War

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