Syllabus on International Relations

By Parker Thomas Moon; Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) | Go to book overview
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c. Unexpected promptness of English assistance to France.
d. Unexpected speed of Russian mobilization and Russian advance in the East.
e. The Battle of the Marne.
i. Relative strength of the opposing armies.
ii. Importance of the French flanking maneuver from Paris.
iii. Importance of Foch's generalship.
iv. Significance as a decisive battle.
4. Significance of the campaign of 1914 in the West.
a. As a commentary on the wisdom of yielding to "military necessity." ( Munroe Smith, Militarism and Statecraft.)
b. Disappointment of hopes for speedy victory.
c. Advantages (especially economic) gained by Germany through invasion of Belgium, Luxemburg, and France.
d. Beginning of the deadlock on the Western Front.
i. New technique of trench warfare.
ii. Importance of munitions.
iii. Importance of manpower, and beginnings of agitation for conscription in England.
5. Campaign of 1914 in the East.
a. Russian invasion of East Prussia and Galicia.
b. Battle of Tannenberg and Hindenburg's rising prestige.
c. Failure of Austria to crush Serbia.

C. SIGNIFICANCE OF BRITISH SEA-POWER IN 1914.
References:-- * Hayes, Great War, ch. vi. # Encyc. Brit., XXXI, 1066-72. Tirpitz, My Memoirs. Churchill, The World Crisis, I. Corbett, Naval Operations. Frothingham, Naval History.
1. Inaction of main German battle fleet.
2. Defeat of Admiral von Spee's squadron.
3. Blockade of Germany and destruction of German commerce.
4. Conquest of German colonies.
5. Ability of Allies to obtain supplies and men from overseas.

D. TURKEY'S ENTRY INTO THE WAR.
References:-- * Hayes, Great War, 69-73. # Earle, Turkey, the Great Powers, and the Bagdad Railway, 275-84. # Gooch, 567-70. Djemal Pasha , Memories of a Turkish Statesman.
II. SECOND PHASE OF THE GREAT WAR GERMAN SUCCESSES IN EASTERN EUROPE, 1915-16

A. CONQUEST OF POLAND, 1915.
References:-- * Hayes, Great War, 47-55, 99-112. # Encyc. Brit., XXX, 897-908. Also memoirs of Ludendorff, Hindenburg, Falkenhayn, Czernin, Paléologue, Buchanan. Nowak, Der Weg zur Katastrophe. Cramon, Unser Oesterreichisch-Ungarischer Bundesgenosse.
1. Anglo-French expectation of decisive aid from Russia.
2. Mackensen's victories in Galicia, May-June 1915.
3. Hindenburg's great drive--conquest of Russian Poland, Lithuania, and Latvia.

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