Syllabus on International Relations

By Parker Thomas Moon; Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) | Go to book overview
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4. Significance.
a. Economic and military strengthening of Central Powers.
b. Rise of annexationist agitation in Germany.
c. Political effect on Russia.

References:-- * Hayes, Great War, 83-9, 121-42, 181-91. # Gooch, 581-9, 567-73, 599-606. # Earle, 285-90. # Encyc. Brit., XXX. 798-808; XXXII, 802-19. Dane, British Campaigns in the Nearer East, 1914-1918. Djemal Pasha , Memories of a Turkish Statesman. Churchill, The World Crisis, II. Hamilton, Gallipoli Diary. Liman Von Sanders, Fünf Jahre Turkei.
1. Importance of the Near East in the War.
2. Failure of British diplomatic efforts to win aid of Balkan states.
3. The Anglo-French Dardanelles campaign.
4. Bulgaria's entry into the war, October, 1915.
5. Conquest of Serbia, Montenegro, and part of Albania by Central Powers, 1915-16.
6. Greek neutrality and the Saloniki expedition.
7. Russian advance in Transcaucasia, 1916.
8. British disaster at Kut-el-Amara, 1916.
9. Intervention and collapse of Rumania, 1916.
10. Discussion.
a. Difference of opinion among Allied leaders regarding importance of campaigns in Near East.
b. Significance of imperialist aspirations of Great Powers (compare F, below).

References:-- * Hayes, Great War, 112-20, 148-55, 171-81. Encyc. Brit., XXXII, 982-8, 917-25, 510-25; XXXI, 1013 ff. Churchill, The World Crisis, II, ch. iv. Dewar and Boraston, Sir Douglas Haig's Command. Also General References on the War, above.
1. Neuve Chapelle and the British lack of munitions, 1915.
2. Ypres and the use of chlorine gas, 1915.
3. Slight Allied gains in Artois and Champagne, Sept., 1915.
4. Battle of Verdun, 1916.
5. Battle of the Somme, 1916, and the first "tanks."
6. Increasing importance of manpower, munitions, aviation, and industrial resources in the "war of attrition" on the Western Front.

References:-- * Hayes, Great War, 89-97, 156-8, 174-6. # Gooch, 572-6. Buchan. Encyc. Brit., XXXI, 621-2, 595-602. Giolitti, Memoirs. Cocks, The Secret Treaties. Bissolati, La politica estera. L'Intervento dell'Italia. Italy, Green Book. Austria-Hungary, Second Red Book. J. Alazard, L'Italie et le conflit européen. L. Villari, Awakening of Italy.
1. Reasons for Italy's entry into the war, 1915.
2. Geographic obstacles to Italian military success.
3. Austrian offensive in Trentino, May-June 1916.
4. Italian conquest of Gorizia, August 1916.


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