|C. ||Suspicious attitude toward French military and air armaments
|D. ||Increased danger of Continental militarism to England, because
of longer range artillery and air forces, which lessen value of
English Channel as a protecting barrier.|
D. NAVAL SUPREMACY.References:--See Part 4, especially Protheroe, The British Navy. H. Asquith
, Genesis of the War. W. Churchill, World Crisis. Lord Fisher, Memories. Buell, Washington Conference, ch. v.
|A. ||Importance for defense:|
|I. ||Of British isles, not protected by a large army, and dependent on overseas food.|
|II. ||Of overseas possessions.|
|B. ||Economic importance.|
|I. ||To safeguard British shipping and commerce.|
|II. ||To protect imperialist economic interests.|
|C. ||Importance in British diplomacy.|
|I. ||Historic struggles against Spanish, Dutch, and French
|II. ||The "two-power" standard.|
|III. ||German naval rivalry as one reason for British ententes
with France ( 1904) and Russia ( 1907).|
|IV. ||Preservation of naval supremacy as an important issue
of the Great War.|
|V. ||Refusal to accept Wilson's 2nd point, "absolute freedom
of navigation upon the seas alike in peace and war . . ."|
|D. ||Acceptance of naval equality with the United States, at Washington Conference of 1921.|
|I. ||As a significant departure from historic policy of
|II. ||As a result of financial difficulties after the war.|
|III. ||As a mark of tendency toward solidarity with U. S.|
|E. ||New factors which may fundamentally affect British naval policy.|
|I. ||Growing importance of military and naval aviation.|
|II. ||The submarine.|
|III. ||The League of Nations.|
E. BRITAIN AND ISLAM.References:--♯ Bowman, "The Mohammedan World," Geogr. Review,
Jan., 1924. Eversley and
Chirol, Turkish Empire. L. Stoddard, New
World of Islam.
|1. ||Necessity of conciliating Mohammedan sentiment, in view of large
Mohammedan population of British Empire.|
|2. ||Difficulty of reconciling this aim with:|
|A. ||Dismemberment of Ottoman Empire.|
|B. ||British rule over Mohammedan populations.|
|3. ||Attempts to conciliate Islam.|
|A. ||Grants of partial independence to Egypt and Mesopotamia.|
|B. ||Benevolent attitude toward Kingdom of Hejaz.|
|C. ||Abandonment of war-time aim of ousting Turks from Constantinople.|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Syllabus on International Relations.
Contributors: Parker Thomas Moon - Author, Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) - OrganizationName.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1925.
Page number: 144.
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