V. RUSSIAReferences:-- Korff, Russia's Foreign Relations. Dennis, Foreign
Policies of Soviet Russia. Rosen, Forty Years of Diplomacy. Witte, Memoirs. Isvolsky, Memoirs. Buchanan, My Mission to Russia. Paléologue
, An Ambassador's Memoirs. Siebert, Entente Diplomacy. Marchand, Livre Noir. Laloy, Les Documents secrets. Earle, Turkey, the Great
Powers, and the Bagdad Railway (use index). Welschinger, L'Alliance
Franco-Russe. F. Tönnies, Der Tsarismus.
A. DESIRE FOR ACCESS TO THE SEA.
|1. ||Historic policy, since reign of Peter the Great, of acquiring and
holding "windows to the west."|
|a. ||Outlet on Baltic, acquired by conquests of Peter the Great.|
|b. ||Outlet on Black Sea, acquired by his successors.|
|c. ||Special importance of efforts to obtain Constantinople and access
|d. ||Unsuccessful efforts in 20th century to gain outlet through Persia.|
|2. ||Effect of the Russian Revolution on this policy.|
|a. ||Loss of Baltic provinces and Finland, but adoption of commercial agreements giving Russia commercial access to sea
through lost ports.|
|b. ||Failure to obtain Constantinople.|
|i. ||Non-fulfilment of Allies' promise to permit Russian
annexation of Constantinople.|
|ii. ||Russian Bolshevist policy (shown at Lausanne Conference, see above, Part 6, VIII-D), of demanding closure of
Straits to warships; Russian policy on this point no longer
aggressive, but defensive.|
B. ASIATIC EXPANSION.
|1. ||Early Russian expansion into Siberia.|
|a. ||Geographic and economic conditions favoring expansion.|
|b. ||Resemblance to American westward migration.|
|c. ||Permanent effect: Russia a factor in northern Asia and Far
East, regardless of fluctuations of policy.|
|2. ||Imperialist expansion in 19th and 20th centuries.|
|a. ||Importance of economic penetration, military conquest, and
political motives in this new expansion.|
|b. ||Conflict with Japanese interests in Korea and Manchuria, leading
first to Russo-Japanese War, then to agreements permitting
Russian control of northern Manchuria and Outer Mongolia.|
|c. ||Conflict with British interests in Persia, Afghanistan, and Tibet,
leading to Anglo-Russian agreement of 1907 (above, Part 3, X).|
|3. ||Effect of Bolshevist revolution.|
|a. ||Repudiation of imperialist bargains with Japan and Great Britain.|
|b. ||Renunciation of privileges in Persia and Manchuria.|
|c. ||Renewed conflict with Japan, due to temporary Japanese occupation of eastern Siberia and northern Sakhalin.|
|d. ||Renewed antagonism toward England, due to Bolshevist propa|
Questia, a part of Gale, Cengage Learning. www.questia.com
Book title: Syllabus on International Relations.
Contributors: Parker Thomas Moon - Author, Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) - OrganizationName.
Place of publication: New York.
Publication year: 1925.
Page number: 150.
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