Syllabus on International Relations

By Parker Thomas Moon; Institute of International Education (New York, N.Y.) | Go to book overview
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The Covenant prior to the Peace Conference.
a. The British draft ( Phillimore report).
b. Revision of the Phillimore report by House and Wilson.
c. Preparation of rival projects by Smuts, Cecil, the French government, etc.
3. The negotiations at Paris.
a. Modification of Wilson's draft, before the Conference, by inclusion of mandatory system and Council (suggested by Smuts plan) and of guarantee of equal rights for racial and religious minorities.
b. Preparation of the Hurst-Miller composite Anglo-American draft.
c. Modification of the Hurst-Miller draft by the League of Nations Commission of the Peace Conference.
d. Wilson's battle against attempts to sidetrack the Covenant.
e. Further modification of the Covenant, in response to criticisms by Republican leaders.
i. Inclusion of Monroe Doctrine.
ii. Provision for withdrawal.
iii. Exclusion of domestic questions from League's control.
f. Failure of French proposal for international general staff.
g. Inclusion of Covenant in the peace treaties.
4. Discussion.
a. The Covenant as an international compromise resulting from many plans.
b. Woodrow Wilson's leading rôle as champion, but not sole author, of the Covenant.

Special references:-- * World Peace Foundation, Handbook on the League of Nations; also vol. II, special no. ( D. P. Myers, "The Conciliation Plan . . ."), III, no. 6; IV, no. 1; V, 4 supplement (chart). International Conciliation, nos. 131, 134. # These Eventful Years, I, ch. 18. Hughan, 170-253. Brown, ch. xi. Temperley, VI, 563-582. Foley (ed.), Woodrow Wilson's Case for the League of Nations. Pollock, The League of Nations. R. Williams, The League of Nations Today. Buxton and Conwil-Evans, Oppressed Peoples and the League of Nations. I. Fisher, League or War. Levermore, League of Nations Year Books. H. A. Gibbons , America's Place in the World, ch. xiii. League of Nations, Official Journal; Monthly Summary, Treaty Series, and other official publications. * Kellor, Security Against War.
1. Establishment and membership.
A. Establishment by exchange of ratifications of treaty of Versailles, Jan. 10, 1920.
B. Gradual enlargement of membership.
i. "Original members"--32 members of Peace Conference, excepting United States, Ecuador, and Hedjaz.
ii. Admission of most other states which had been neutral in war--chief exceptions Afghanistan, Mexico.
iii. Admission of defeated nations-- Austria, Bulgaria, Hungary.
iv. Inclusion of India, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, and Canada as separate members, and later admission of Irish Free State.


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