METHODS IN EDUCATION (concluded)
Lecturing, object-lessons, questioning, the so- called 'developing' methods, and the method of discovery, may be grouped together because they all concern the extent to which the teacher should try to tell or show the pupils facts which they could find out by themselves.
The lecture and demonstration methods represent an approach to a limiting extreme in which the teacher lets the pupil find out nothing which he could possibly be told or shown. They frankly present the student with conclusions, trusting that he will use them to earn more. They ask of him only that he attend to, and do his best to understand, questions which he did not himself frame and answers which he did not himself work out. They try to give him an educational fortune as one bequeaths property by will. The same theory of giving facts to work with later, rather than inciting the student to use what he