Stress and Disease Processes

By Neil Schneiderman; Philip McCabe et al. | Go to book overview

9
Clinical Significance of Psychoneuroimmunology: Prediction of Cancer Outcomes

Sandra M. Levy University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh Cancer Institute

Dawn C. Roberts University of Iowa

Most psychological studies that assess immunological components implicitly use these measures in one of two ways. In the first, an immunological measure may be used as an indicator of a psychological process. The primary goal of these studies is to draw inferences about psychological constructs or theories. In the second, an immunological measure may be used to explain the relation between a psychological process and a physical health outome. The goal of this second class of studies is to specify the mechanism of disease initiation or progression.

Distinction of these two classes is important because it guides research questions and methodologies, and directs overall progress within the field of psychoneuroimmunology. For instance, a common research strategy within psychoneuroimmunology is to establish covariation between psychological and immunological measures. However, establishing covariation does not necessarily advance the goal of the first class of studies ( Cacioppo & Tassinary, 1990) nor does it automatically achieve the purposes of the second class of studies. The aim of the former additionally requires the delineation of immunological (and possibly other physiological system) patterns in the search for invariant relationships with psychological processes ( Cacioppo & Tassinary, 1990). Likewise, the aim of the latter group of studies additionally requires demonstration of clinical as well as statistical significance of psychoimmunological covariation by predicting health outcomes. It is important, however, to note that these aims are not mutually exclusive, and indeed, investigations that strive to meet both goals likely will make stronger advances toward knowledge in the field.

It is the purpose of this chapter to discuss the use of immunological

-165-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Stress and Disease Processes
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 333

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.