Unconventional Conflicts in a New Security Era: Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam

By Sam C. Sarkesian | Go to book overview
18.
Clutterbuck, pp. 115-16. For a discussion and description of army and police operations, see also Arthur Campbell, Jungle Green ( Boston: Little, Brown, 1953), pp. 26-27, 144, and 298.
19.
See Short, p. 370; see pp. 369-71 for a discussion of the Royal Air Force and Royal Australian Air Force roles in the emergency. See also Jackson, chapters 10 and 11.
20.
Clutterbuck, p. 164. The author discusses the role of air power in Malaya in Chapter 18, pp. 156-64.
21.
Raphael Littauer and Norman Uphoff, eds., The Air War in Indochina, rev. ed. ( Boston: Beacon Press, 1972), pp. 212-13.
22.
Short, p. 372.
23.
Federation of Malaya, Federation Plan for the Elimination of the Communist Organization and Armed Forces in Malaya, May 24, 1950 (hereafter referred to as The Briggs Plan), pp. 2-3. See also Short, pp. 231-53.
24.
Adapted from The Briggs Plan, pp. 2-3.
25.
Clutterbuck, pp. 58-59. See also C. C. Too, "Some Salient Features in the Experience in Defeating Communism in Malaya, with Particular Regard to the Method of New Villages." Paper presented at the International Seminar on Communism in Asia, Korea, June 19-25, 1966, p. 11.
26.
Clutterbuck, p. 56. For an account of SWEC operations and the army role, see M. C.A. Henniker , Red Shadow over Malaya ( London: Blackwood, 1955). See also Campbell, p. 26.
27.
There was much criticism of Diem regarding the voting procedures. Although it was expected that Diem would receive the necessary votes, his brother, Nhu, organized and manipulated the election, thereby giving Diem an overwhelming majority. Diem received over 5.7 million votes and Bao Dai 63,000. Diem received 98.2 percent of the votes cast. See Robert Scigliano, South Vietnam: Nation Under Stress ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1963), p. 23.
28.
Republic of Vietnam, The Secretariat of State for Information, The Constitution of the Republic of Vietnam, Saigon, 1966. See Nghiem Dang, Viet-Nam: Politics and Public Administration ( Honolulu: East-West Center Press, 1966), pp. 78-119, for a detailed examination of the central government to include a study of the various ministries and directorates. See also J. A.C. Grant, "The Vietnam Constitution of 1956", American Political Science Review, vol. 56 ( June 1958), pp. 437-62 and Bernard B. Fall, The Two Viet-Nams: A Political and Military Analysis, 2nd rev. ed. ( New York: Praeger, 1967), pp. 259-65.
29.
Robert Shaplen, The Lost Revolution: The U.S. in Vietnam 1946-1966, rev. ed. ( New York: Harper & Row, 1966), p. 133.
30.
These figures are based on the movement's own records and cannot be verified from other sources.
31.
For a discussion of the party system and development of groups, see Scigliano, pp. 75-91 and 172-76. See also Joseph Buttinger, Vietnam: A Dragon Embattled, vol. 2, Vietnam at War ( New York: Praeger, 1967).
32.
Scigliano, p. 172.
33.
Bui Diem with David Chanoff, In the Jaws of History ( Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1987), p. 91.
34.
Adapted from Harvey H. Smith, et al., Area Handbook for South Vietnam ( Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, April 1967), pp. 204, 434, 436.
35.
Air Marshal Nguyen Cao Ky "came to power on June 9, 1965, after which the civilian leadership... resigned." Smith, et al., p. 203.
36.
For a discussion of police functions in counterrevolutions, see Dennis J. Duncanson, "The Police Functions and Its Problems", in Dennis J. Duncanson, Richard A. Yudkin, and

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Unconventional Conflicts in a New Security Era: Lessons from Malaya and Vietnam
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Illustrations vii
  • Preface ix
  • Notes xi
  • Part I - Introduction 1
  • 1 - Conflict Analysis: The Comparative Framework 3
  • Notes 22
  • Part II - Comparative Analysis 25
  • 2 - The State of the Nation: Great Britain, the United States, and Unconventional Conflicts 27
  • Notes 53
  • 3 - Military Posture and Nature of Conflict: Malaya 55
  • Notes 76
  • 4 - Military Posture and Nature of Conflict: The Diem Period in Vietnam 79
  • Notes 93
  • 5 - Military Posture and Nature of Conflict: The United States and the Second Indo-China War 95
  • Notes 119
  • 6 - Nature of Indigenous Systems: Revolutionary Systems 123
  • Notes 136
  • 7 - Nature of Indigenous Systems: Counterrevolutionary Systems 137
  • Notes 161
  • 8 - Conclusions: Malaya and Vietnam 165
  • Part III - Conclusions: What Needs to Be Done 183
  • 9 - The United States and the Emerging Security Agenda 185
  • Notes 198
  • Selected Bibliography 201
  • Index 217
  • About the Author 227
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