Paul Nitze, "America: An Honest Broker", Foreign Affairs, vol. 69, no. 4 (Fall 1990),
George Bush, United States Defenses: Reshaping Our Forces. Address presented at
the Aspen Institute, Colorado, August 2, 1990.
Dick Cheney, "U.S. Defense Strategy and DOD Budget Request", Statement to the
House Armed Services Committee, U.S. Congress, Washington, D.C., 1991, as printed in Defense Issues, vol. 6, no. 4.
S. J. Deitchman, Beyond the Thaw: A New National Strategy ( Boulder, CO: Westview
Press, 1991), p. 236.
See Peter Paret, ed., Makers of Modern Strategy: From Machiavelli to the Nuclear
Age (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1986). Also see Anatol Rapoport, ed., Clausewitz on War ( Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1968); and Samuel B. Griffith, Sun
Tzu, The Art of War ( New York: Oxford University Press, 1963).
Richard A. Preston,
Sydney F. Wise, and
Herman O. Werner, Men in Arms: A History
of Warfare and Its Interrelationships with Western Society ( New York: Praeger, 1962), rev.
ed., p. 235.
Stanley E. Spangler, Force and Accommodation in World Politics (Maxwell Air Force
Base, AL: Air University Press, August 1991), pp. 5-6.
Don Oberdorfer, "Strategy for Solo Superpower: Pentagon Looks to 'Regional
Contingencies,'" Washington Post, May 19, 1991, p. A14.
Ernest van den Haag, "The Busyness of American Foreign Policy", Foreign Affairs,
vol. 64, no. 1 (Fall 1985), p. 114.
American Assembly, Final Report: U.S. Interests in the 1990s--Rethinking America's Security, Seventy-Ninth American Assembly, Arden House, Harriman, New York, May
30-June 2, 1991, p. 8.
Advocates of "just war" theories and legal connotations of U.S. involvement in other
states are hard pressed to relate these types to the causes and characteristics of unconventional conflicts and what is considered just and legal, at least in terms of the most critical
forms of unconventional conflicts.
Joseph S. Nye, "Soft Power", Foreign Policy, no. 8 (Fall 1990), pp. 155, 157.
Charles Burton Marshall, "Morality and National Liberation Wars", Southeast Asian
Perspectives, no. 4 ( December 1971).
For the discussion of "sixth service," see Congressman
Dan Daniel (D-VA), "US
Special Operations; The Case for a Sixth Service", Armed Forces Journal International, August 1985, p. 72.
In Vietnam, the Special Forces operated reasonably well under the operational control
of the CIA, for example. See Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., The Army and Vietnam ( Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1986), p. 75.
See, for example James C. Hyde, "Army Special Operators Heading to Corps
Headquarters", Armed Forces Journal International, April 1992, p. 17. The author notes that
plans are being designed to provide "a full-time augmentation of the corps staff. This will
consist of "an SOF lieutenant colonel, sergeant major and a Ranger captain." The author
notes that "some observers fear that making SOF readily available to a corps commander
will lead to misuse."
Francis J. Kelly, Vietnam Studies: U.S. Army Special Forces, 1961-1971
( Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Army, 1973).