The Anthropology of Medicine: From Culture to Method

By Lola Romanucci-Ross; Daniel E. Moerman et al. | Go to book overview
of the Chinese Qinghaosu, an extract of Artemisia annua L. (Asteraceae), whose powerful antimalarial action ultimately was explained by oxidative activity ( Hien and White 1993; Klayman 1993; Meshnick 1994).
7.
These investigations of in vitro antiplasmodial activity were conducted in the laboratories of Dr. John Eaton, University of Minnesota Medical School.
8.
The NAPRALERT database is maintained and housed by the Program for Collaborative Research in the Pharmaceutical Sciences within the Department of Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago.
9.
Our position is supported by our medicinal plant inventory, which is more comprehensive of local flora than our corollary catalogues for economic plants and foods and which subsumes plants from those other categories. A second point is that all the criteria that Hausa use to judge the suitability of plants for food are influenced by long-term experience with botanicals used in medicinal preparations. But food plants-even those drawn from among medicinals -- are appraised for qualities of satiety and taste and only casually understood with reference to health value. For this reason, while knowledge of medicinal plants guides the selection of foods, the opposite is not true: knowledge of a food will not inform its medicinal use because whereas texture, taste, and even toxicity are all integral to food selection, these qualities are subordinated to their medicinal properties ( Etkin and Ross 1994:95-96).
10.
See Etkin ( 1997) for discussion of how and why particular foods have again captured the interest of biomedicine.
11.
The scope and locus of our study made it impossible to include any clinical examination or to secure blood samples for parasite analysis. In view of that, conclusions regarding the prevalence and severity of malaria infection are drawn from reports of the Nigerian Ministry of Health, the WHO Malaria Research Center in Kano, staff of the district hospital and dispensary, published studies of malaria epidemiology in northern Nigeria (e.g., Abudu 1983; Ayeni et al. 1987; Schram 1971; Stock 1983), and, for 1987-1988, the village and hospital epidemiological surveys.
12.
Heavily populated and intensively farmed for generations, the region in which Hurumi is located (the Kano Close-Settled Zone) is actually home to no plants that are, technically, wild. But the deliberate management of noncultivated species on farm borders and public lands and those not removed during the weeding of farms properly evokes the term "semi-wild."

REFERENCES

Abbink J. 1995. "Medicinal and Ritual Plants of the Ethiopian Southwest: An Account of Recent Research". Indigenous Knowledge and Development Monitor 3: 6-8.

Abila B., A. Richens, and J. A. Davies. 1993. "Anticonvulsant Effects of Extracts of the West African Black Pepper, Piper guineense". Journal of Ethnopharmacology 39:113-17.

Abudu F. 1983. "Planning Priorities and Health Care Delivery in Nigeria". Social Science and Medicine 17:1995-2002.

Adam J. G., N. Echard, and M. Lescot. 1972. "Plantes Médicinales Hausa de l'Ader (République du Niger)". Journal d'Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliqude 19( 8-9):259-399.

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