This book has been in the making for many years. During that time it has been improved by my ongoing conversations with colleagues in law, history, and gay and women's studies. In addition, a number of my Iowa students have worked on this book. The three who helped bring it to fruition when deadlines were approaching deserve special recognition. They are Lisa Clay, Marci Lowman, and Faith Pincus.
For their wisdom and their energy, I thank the many lawyers at Lambda, the ACLU, and the National Center for Lesbian Rights whom I have come to know over the years. All of us who care about gay justice owe these brave crusaders the highest respect and gratitude for the time they have spent in the trenches. It is not an easy life to swim upstream for so many years.
Three colleagues deserve special thanks for reading the entire manuscript and offering not only wise advice but also thoughtful editorial suggestions. I am particularly grateful to Rhonda Rivera, whose gay legal scholarship I have admired for years; to Linda Kerber, who always asks the right questions and insists on historical context to tell the full story; and, most of all, to my partner, Jean Love, whose penchant for perfection inspires me on a daily basis. Jean, you are my rainbow.