Tradition and Interpretation

By G. W. Anderson | Go to book overview

X
THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL IN THE PRE-EXILIC PERIOD

H. CAZELLES

THE history of pre-exilic Israel is clearly divided into two periods, separated by the establishment of the monarchy. It is with the monarchy, its state, its administration, and its schools, its foreign relations and internal conflicts that Old Testament historiography is established.1 With the monarchy, the Israelite state begins to appear in international politics and in its documents; the Assyrian Annals and the lists of officers who gave their name to the year (limmū), by mentioning its important events, allow necessary cross-checks with a relatively firm chronological framework.

The period prior to the monarchy is much more difficult to study, for biblical historiography was extremely selective in recording the data given by tribal traditions and local documents. The historiographers selected the data and gave their own interpretations according to their own syntheses. Modern historians consider these syntheses differently and disagree about most problems. The documents brought to light archaeologically help only indirectly and possible crosschecks are not always clear.2 It is impossible to deny a historical basis to the traditions gathered together by the Yahwistic and Elohistic synthesis in the Pentateuch, or to the cycles preserved by the books of Judges, of Samuel, and of Kings; the recognized authority of these texts and the history of the people could not then be explained. These data,

____________________
1
R. C. Dentan, The Idea of History in the Ancient Near East, New Haven and London, 1955.
2
See G. E. Wright, Biblical Archaeology, London, 1957; J. Bright, "Early Israel in Recent History Writing", SBT xix, 1960; and the critical observations made by M. Noth in "'Der Beitrag der Archäologie zur Geschichte Israels'", Congress Volume, Oxford 1959, SVT vii, 1960, pp. 262-82.

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Tradition and Interpretation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Abbreviations ix
  • Introduction- Changing Perspectives in Old Testament Study xiii
  • I- The Textual Transmission of the Old Testament 1
  • Bibliography 29
  • II- Semitic Philology and the Interpretation of the Old Testament 31
  • III- Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Their Bearing on the Old Testament 65
  • Bibliography 94
  • IV- Pentateuchal Problems 96
  • Bibliography 122
  • V- Old Testament Historiography 125
  • VI- Prophecy and the Prophetic Literature 163
  • Bibliography 187
  • VII- Apocalyptic 189
  • Bibliography 212
  • VIII- Wisdom 214
  • Bibliography 234
  • IX- The Psalms and Israelite Worship 238
  • Bibliography 272
  • X- The History of Israel in the Pre-Exilic Period 274
  • Bibliography 318
  • XI- The History of Israel in the Exilic and Post-Exilic Periods 320
  • Bibliography 349
  • XII- The History of Israelite Religion 351
  • Bibliography 383
  • XIII- The Theology and Interpretation of the Old Testament 385
  • Bibliography 414
  • Index of Authors 429
  • General Index 439
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