Tradition and Interpretation

By G. W. Anderson | Go to book overview
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Nebuchadrezzar's lines of communication ( Jer. 37:11; 32:1). The Egyptian army withdrew and the siege was resumed. When the Chaldeans succeeded in making a breach in the wall in July 587 B.C., Zedekiah attempted to escape. He was caught at Jericho, brought before Nebuchadrezzar at Riblah, and blinded after having to witness the execution of his sons ( 2 Kgs. 25:7).According to Jer. 52:12, although the breach was made on the ninth day of the fourth month, it was only on the tenth day of the fifth month, that Nebuzaradan, the commander of the Babylonian guard, entered the city and set fire to it and to the Temple. Is this due to different reckonings? Did the city resist another month without its king, in the same way that Samaria had held out for nearly three years?91 Jerusalem was destroyed and the organs of government liquidated. Gedaliah, son of Ahikam, was made governor at Mizpah, a site which recalled Samuel and Saul, rather than David. The attempt to form a community failed, for at the instigation of the Ammonites, who were still at war, Gedaliah was assassinated and his followers forced Jeremiah to flee with them to Egypt ( Jer. 42; 2 Kgs. 25:26). Judah was attached to Samaria as its administrative headquarters. The country remained troubled, for in 582, as the result of another revolt by Moabites and Ammonites, 745 Judaeans were deported Jer. 52:30). The Edomites took the south as far as Hebron, the future Idumea, and the Arabs infiltrated from the east. Such was the situation that those who were repatriated after the Exile found unchanged.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
ALBRIGHT W. F. From the Stone Age to Christianity, 2nd edn., New York, 1957.
BARON S. W. A Social and Religious History of the Jews, i, New York, 1952.
____________________
Kings of Judah', BASOR 143 ( 1965), 22-27; H. Tadmor, "'Chronology of the Last Kings of Judah'", JNES xv ( 1956), 226-30; E. Vogt, Bibl. xxxviii ( 1957), 229-33; A. Malamat , "'The Last Kings of Judah and the Fall of Jerusalem'", IEJ xviii ( 1968),137- 156; id., "'The Twilight of Judah: in the Egyptian-Babylonian Maelstrom'", Congress Volume, Edinburgh 1974, SVT xxviii, 1975, pp. 122-45.
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For a proposed solution, see G. Brunet, "'La Prise de Jérusalem sous Sédécias'", RHR clxvii ( 1965), 157-65; id., Les Lamentations contre Jérémie, Paris, 1968.

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