Tradition and Interpretation

By G. W. Anderson | Go to book overview

XI
THE HISTORY OF ISRAEL IN THE EXILIC AND POST-EXILIC PERIODS

P. R. ACKROYD

IF strictly the exilic period of Israel's history must be said to begin from the first fall of the city in 597 B.C., with the exiling of the young king Jehoiachin and leading members of the community, it is more logical to see the total collapse of 587, with the loss of the separate existence of the kingdom and the first-magnitude disaster of the destruction of Temple and capital, as marking a more appropriate starting-point. Later thinkers such as the Chronicler, but also the eventual compilers of the books of Jeremiah and Ezekiel, and probably also the Deuteronomic historians,1 could simplify the issue by supposing the true people to exist from 597 onwards in the Exile in Babylonia. That such a total movement of population as is envisaged in 2 Kgs. 25:26 and Jer. 43:5-7 is unlikely is just as evident as when it is suggested in even more radical terms in 2 Chr. 36:20 f; in each case we are dealing with a theological interpretation of the exilic age. The judgement passed on the community is total, inescapable. But to others, nearer the events, whether in Palestine or in Babylonia, the focal point was in Jerusalem, as for example in the source underlying Jer. 40-1. The strong hope of a restoration of Jehoiachin (e.g. Jer. 28:4), detectable in the use of his regnal years as a dating system (e.g. Ezek. 1:2) and in the brief narrative of 2 Kgs. 25:27-302; the fact that the Temple was still intact in the years of Zedekiah; the address to the Babylonian exiles of judgement oracles on Jerusalem and

____________________
1
For literature, of. e.g. E. W. Nicholson, Preaching to the Exiles, Oxford, 1970; W. Zimmerli , Ezechiel, BKAT xiii/1, 2, Neukirchen, 1969; E. Janssen, Juda in der Exilszeit, FRLANT lxix, 1956.
2
Cf. K. S. Freedy and D. B. Redford, JAOS xc ( 1970), 462-85; E. Zenger, BZ xii ( 1968), 12-30.

-320-

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Tradition and Interpretation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • Contents vii
  • Abbreviations ix
  • Introduction- Changing Perspectives in Old Testament Study xiii
  • I- The Textual Transmission of the Old Testament 1
  • Bibliography 29
  • II- Semitic Philology and the Interpretation of the Old Testament 31
  • III- Recent Archaeological Discoveries and Their Bearing on the Old Testament 65
  • Bibliography 94
  • IV- Pentateuchal Problems 96
  • Bibliography 122
  • V- Old Testament Historiography 125
  • VI- Prophecy and the Prophetic Literature 163
  • Bibliography 187
  • VII- Apocalyptic 189
  • Bibliography 212
  • VIII- Wisdom 214
  • Bibliography 234
  • IX- The Psalms and Israelite Worship 238
  • Bibliography 272
  • X- The History of Israel in the Pre-Exilic Period 274
  • Bibliography 318
  • XI- The History of Israel in the Exilic and Post-Exilic Periods 320
  • Bibliography 349
  • XII- The History of Israelite Religion 351
  • Bibliography 383
  • XIII- The Theology and Interpretation of the Old Testament 385
  • Bibliography 414
  • Index of Authors 429
  • General Index 439
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