Exporting the American Model: The Post-War Transformation of European Business

By Marie-Laure A. Djelic | Go to book overview

8
The Resistance of European Business
Organized Opposition to Structural Transformations

German industrialists have waged a violent, elaborate and expensive campaign against deconcentration and decartelization and the Schuman plan. They have won the support in other countries of those vested interests, private collectivities, who are so habituated to restrictive practices and monopolistic purposes, that they have set in motion a wave of reaction against the kind of progressive and competitive economy which the Schuman plan envisages.

New York Herald Tribune ( March 5, 1951)

Throughout the late 1940s and the early 1950s, a network of cross-national dimension had been woven and successfully institutionalized, drawing together the USA and a number of Western European countries. Originally, this institutional framework lay within the public sphere. It was constituted, on both sides of the Atlantic, by governmental agencies and administrative units. In the USA, these agencies were in charge of foreign assistance. They were controlled by business leaders who had been pioneers with respect to collaboration between government and business. Those American business leaders were convinced that the state should intervene in economic affairs. They also felt vested with a mission, that of transforming European economies following the model of American corporate capitalism in order to build the foundations of a wealthier and more democratic Western European space. In each Western European country participating in the Marshall scheme, the Americans had been more or less successful in identifying and co-opting local partners sympathetic to their ambitious objectives. Initially, those partners were for the most part civil servants, experts, or government officials. Local business and labor communities would become involved in the large-scale transformation of Western European economies and industries but progressively and mostly under American pressure, rarely on their own initiative.

In fact, well into the 1950s, members of those communities tended to resist and oppose the large-scale transformation project. The violence of the reaction amongst Western European business leaders was particularly striking and surprising. Throughout the late 1940s and well into the 1950s, most members of the European business communities were clearly not ready to accept a radical questioning of their traditional ways of organizing and doing business. They resented the transfer on a large-scale of a foreign model they believed

-227-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Exporting the American Model: The Post-War Transformation of European Business
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 314

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.