The Bondman: An Antient Storie

By Philip C. Massinger; Benjamin Townley Spencer et al. | Go to book overview
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The title page of the second quarto is the same as that of the first with the following exceptions: Lines 6, 7, and 8 have a different arrangement; Phillip is spelled Philip in the second edition; there is a change in the printer's device; the advertisement of the publishers becomes either that of Harrison or of Blackmore. See Introduction II, EDITIONS.

The company of Lady Elizabeth was formed in 1611 by John Townsend and Joseph Moore under the patronage of the Princess, who was then fifteen years old. After March 1613 the company, amalgamated with the Queen's Revels, was known as Princess Elizabeth's Company. As a consequence of Elizabeth's becoming Queen of Bohemia in November 1619, her players were often distinguished by the title of the Queen of Bohemia's Company. After a series of amalgamations and rather unfortunate dealings with Henslowe they are spoken of as acting at the Cockpit or Phoenix in Drury Lane in 1622. Here they continued to act, with short intervals at the court and in the provinces, until perhaps May of 1625, the time of the increase of the plague. Then Queen Henrietta's Men occupied the Cockpit, and the theater of Queen Elizabeth's Company is not known. The company seems to have disbanded in 1632. Cf. J. T. Murray , English Dramatic Companies, I, 243-64.

The Cockpit or Phoenix was erected possibly in 1616, as Stow Annales and Camden Annals of James I both speak of it under the year 1617 as newly erected. It was a small private theater, but it was little superior to the average public theater, and largely owing to its disreputable surroundings did not attract the best audiences. It was dismantled in 1649 and last used in 1664. See W. J. Lawrence, The Elizabethan Playhouse and other Studies, pp. 16 ff.


Philip Herbert, Earl of Montgomery and fourth Earl of Pembroke, was the younger brother of William Herbert, third Earl of Pembroke. Born October 10, 1584, he was about a year younger than Massinger.

Soon after James I ascended the throne Philip became a favorite, and was created Earl of Montgomery June 4, 1605. Although he was superseded by Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset, and by George Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, as the King's minion, "yet was he ever in the King's good


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