and to the protection of the public peace, and the lives and property of quiet and orderly citizens pursuing their lawful occupations, until Congress shall have assembled and deliberated on the said unlawful proceedings, or until the same shall have ceased, have further deemed it advisable to set on foot a blockade of the ports within the States aforesaid, in pursuance of the laws of the United States and of the law of nations in such case provided. For this purpose a competent force will be posted so as to prevent entrance and exit of vessels from the ports aforesaid. If, therefore, with a view to violate such blockade, a vessel shall approach, or shall attempt to leave either of the said ports, she will be duly warned by the commander of one of the blockading vessels, who will indorse on her register the fact and date of such warning, and if the same vessel shall again attempt to enter or leave the blockaded port, she will be captured and sent to the nearest convenient port, for such proceedings against her and her cargo as prize, as may be deemed advisable.
And I hereby proclaim and declare that if any person, under the pretended authority of the said States, or under any other pretence, shall molest a vessel of the United States, or the persons or cargo on board of her, such person will be held amenable to the laws of the United States for the prevention and punishment of piracy.
July 13, 1861
IN his report of July 4, 1861, the Secretary of the Treasury, Chase, called the attention of Congress to the fact that "at the ports of several States of the Union the collection of lawful duties on imports has been forcibly obstructed and prevented for several months;" and the draft of a bill "to provide for the collection of duties on imports" was submitted. A bill for the purpose was reported by the House Committee on Commerce July 9, and the next day, by a vote of 136 to 10, was read a third time and passed. The bill passed the Senate with only a verbal amendment on the 12th, by a vote of 36 to 6, and on the 13th the act was approved. In conformity with the