Toxic Debts and the Superfund Dilemma

By Harold C. Barnett | Go to book overview
Save to active project

CONGRESS AND THE REAGAN EPA
CHAPTER 4

Superfund was to complete the environmental agenda of the 1970s, the environmental decade. A unique convergence of economic and political forces produced an unprecedented surge in environmental legislation to limit and control disposal of pollutants and hazardous substances in the air, in the water, and on the land. The decade was also a period of transitions from an era of regulation to one of deregulation. The election of Ronald Reagan in 1980 ushered in a concerted attack on social regulation, in particular that relating to the environment. Superfund was a first target for social deregulation in the Reagan decade. This chapter begins with an overview of the environmental movement and the environmental legislation of the 1970s. Next, congressional debate and conflict over Superfund cleanup and liability issues are examined. The factors accounting for the compromise legislation eventually signed into law are analyzed. A discussion of the conflict between congressional expectations for Superfund and the incoming Reagan administration's deregulatory ideology serves as introduction to examination of the program's tumultuous initial implementation. The Reagan EPA Superfund strategy is assessed as a primary cause of the agency's 1983 Sewergate scandal. The chapter ends with an evaluation of the efficiency and equity consequences of Superfund implementation over its first two and one-half years.


THE ENVIRONMENTAL DECADE

The massive industrialization accompanying and following World War II raised living standards as goods production outpaced population growth and lowered environmental quality as waste generation outpaced the absorptive

-51-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
Loading One moment ...
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Toxic Debts and the Superfund Dilemma
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

While we understand printed pages are helpful to our users, this limitation is necessary to help protect our publishers' copyrighted material and prevent its unlawful distribution. We are sorry for any inconvenience.
Full screen
/ 334

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.

Are you sure you want to delete this highlight?