Toxic Debts and the Superfund Dilemma

By Harold C. Barnett | Go to book overview

ROOTS OF SUPERFUND FAILURE
CHAPTER 7

The first half of the 1980s witnessed substantial conflict over Superfund implementation. Through 1983, events at the national, state, and regional levels were dominated by Reagan administration efforts to eviscerate the program and guarantee that there would be no Son of Superfund. During 1984 and 1985, conflict over Superfund implementation was played out against the backdrop of congressional hearings on reauthorization. EPA revised its cleanup and settlement strategies while Congress scrutinized its actions.

The purpose of this chapter is to evaluate Superfund through 1985 to highlight the roots of its failure. This involves telling three versions of the Superfund implementation story. The emphasis of the first summary version is on aggregate measures of progress. The emphasis of the second version is on fund-financed cleanup and the selection of cleanup remedies. The emphasis of the third version is on enforcement strategy and responsible party cleanup. The common theme running through these versions is that the failure of Superfund is rooted in four intertwined program characteristics: the absence of cleanup standards, the preference for containment versus permanent treatment technologies, the strategies applied to promote fund- and responsible party-financed cleanup, and the program's budget constraints.

The first root emerges from resolution of the how-clean-is-clean controversy. At issue is whether the adequacy of cleanup is to be judged on a case-by- case basis or with reference to explicit cleanup standards. EPA's rejection of the latter option generally lowered the cost of cleanup and the protection afforded exposed communities and the environment.

The second root emerges from economic and technological factors. Containment technologies are less expensive in the short run than are permanent treatment technologies but, due to their impermanence, are often more

-159-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Toxic Debts and the Superfund Dilemma
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Tables and Figures xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgments xv
  • Toxic Debts - Chapter 1 1
  • Production, Disposal, and Contamination - Chapter 2 9
  • Conflict, Regulation, and the State - Chapter 3 31
  • Congress and the Reagan Epa - Chapter 4 51
  • Superfund and the States - Chapter 5 87
  • Epa Regions: Implementing Superfund - Chapter 6 121
  • Roots of Superfund Failure - Chapter 7 159
  • Redsigning Superfund - Chapter 8 195
  • Ending a Decade of False Starts - Chapter 9 237
  • Solving the Superfund Dilemma - Chapter 10 273
  • Notes 283
  • Bibliography 305
  • Index 317
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Full screen
/ 334

matching results for page

Cited passage

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Sign up now to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

"Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited passage

Welcome to the new Questia Reader

The Questia Reader has been updated to provide you with an even better online reading experience.  It is now 100% Responsive, which means you can read our books and articles on any sized device you wish.  All of your favorite tools like notes, highlights, and citations are still here, but the way you select text has been updated to be easier to use, especially on touchscreen devices.  Here's how:

1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
2. Click or tap the last word you want to select.

OK, got it!

Thanks for trying Questia!

Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

For full access in an ad-free environment, sign up now for a FREE, 1-day trial.

Already a member? Log in now.