The Cuban Missile Crisis
Sputnik notwithstanding, the late 1950s were characterized by reduced tensions between the superpowers. Khrushchev promoted the idea of peaceful coexistence, even as he declared that the USSR would bury the United States. Following a binge of atmospheric nuclear tests in 1958, November of that year saw the start of a test moratorium that lasted three years. Agreement on a comprehensive test-ban treaty appeared to be possible in early 1960, but was undermined when the Soviets shot down a U-2 spy plane. The most prominent issue still to be settled was Berlin. The Soviets used a combination of threat and cajolery to try to force an agreement. American concessions in this instance, the Soviets made it known, would produce a "thaw" in the Cold War. In January 1960, Khrushchev proposed an extensive reduction in Soviet forces, presumably in anticipation of a further relaxation of tensions. The Soviets let it be known that they might
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Publication information: Book title: The Rise and Fall of Nuclearism:Fear and Faith as Determinants of the Arms Race. Contributors: Sheldon Ungar - Author. Publisher: Pennsylvania State University Press. Place of publication: University Park, PA. Publication year: 1992. Page number: 123.
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