The first thing the reader of this volume needs to know is: What is executive control in reading, exactly? We provide some definitions extracted from the chapters. The second thing the reader needs is some idea of the content of each chapter. We describe each chapter briefly, sometimes using extracts from it. Finally, we tell how this book came to be, and acknowledge some debts.
Mr. Youmans, a grizzled rustic who used to mow the Britton lawn, once described one of his customers (whom we knew to be a high-powered New York executive) in the following words: "Mr. Rosenbaum? Oh, he don't do nawthin', he just tells other folks what to do." Following Mr. Youmans, executive control processes are broadly defined here as processes that tell other processes what to do.
The authors of the chapters in this volume define executive control in reading in a variety of fascinating ways. Here are some of their definitions, which have been extracted from the chapters and freely adapted:
Executive control processes deal with how individuals plan and direct, select, and orchestrate the various cognitive structures and processes available to them for attaining some goal. ( Schumacher, Ch. 5) Executive control processes coordinate the functioning of the human