Executive Control Processes in Reading

By Bruce K. Britton; Shawn M. Glynn | Go to book overview

hension condition (although the differences were rarely significant). More research is clearly needed before we can establish a satisfactory explanation of the impact of readers' goals on inference generation, and on comprehension in general.

If the results of this study are valid and general, then the construction of bridging inferences is not substantially influenced by the goals of' the comprehender. We might extend our bridge construction metaphor a bit further. Bridge construction is a complex multifaceted industry that employs hundreds of interactive workers. Bridge construction is a sophisticated system that cannot easily be modified by outside forces or by a boss with an iron will. The boss might be able to speed up bridge construction or slow it down a bit, but the boss has a negligible impact on the guts of the system.


ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This research was supported, to various extents and at various times, by National Institute of Mental Health grants MH-31083 and MH-33491 and by National Science Foundation grant BNS-8104958. Requests for reprints should be sent to Arthur C. Graesser, Department of Psychology, Memphis State University, Memphis, Tennessee 38152.


REFERENCES

Aaronson D., & Scarborough H. S ( 1977), "Performance theories for sentence coding: Some quantitative models". Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 16, 277- 304.

Abelson R. P. ( 1981). Psychological status of the script concept, Anterican Psychologist. 7, 715-730.

Black J. B., & Bern H. ( 1981). Causal coherence and memory for events in narratives. Journal of Verbal Learning aml Verbal Behavior, 20, 267-276.

Bower G. H., Black J. B., & Turner T. J. ( 1979). "Scripts in memory for text". Cognitive Psychology, 11, 177-220.

Britton B. K., Glynn S. M. & Smith J. W. ( 1985). "Cognitive demands of processing expository text: A cognitive workbench model". In B. K. Britton & J. B. Black, (Eds.), Understanding expository text. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbarum Associates.

Britton B. K., Graesser A. C., Glynn S. M., Hamilton T., & Penland M. ( 1983). "Use of cognitive capacity in reading: Effects of some content factors of text". Discourse Processes, 6, 39-58.

Brown G., & Yule G. ( 1983). Discourse analysis. London: Cambridge University Press.

Clark H. H. ( 1977). "Bridging". In P. L. Johnson-Laird & P. C. Wason (Eds.), Thinking: Readings in cognitive science. London: Cambridge University Press.

Clark H. H., & Clark E. V. ( 1977). Psychology and language. New York: Harcourt Brace & Jovanovich.

Clark H. H., Schreuder. R., & Buttrick S. ( 1983). "Common ground and the understanding of demonstrative reference."

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Executive Control Processes in Reading
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Contributors ix
  • Introduction xi
  • Acknowledgements xviii
  • Reference xviii
  • 1 - Executive Control in Reading Comprehension 1
  • Acknowledgments 19
  • References 21
  • 2 - Reading and Writing for Electronic Journals 23
  • Acknowledgments 51
  • References 53
  • 3 - Typography and Executive Control Processes in Reading 57
  • Acknowledgments 76
  • References 77
  • 4 - Typography and Reading Strategy 81
  • References 105
  • 5 - Executive Control in Studying 107
  • References 142
  • 6 - The Activation and Use of Scripted Knowledge in Reading About Routine Activities 145
  • Appendix 172
  • References 175
  • 7 - Knowledge Acquisition for Application: Cognitive Flexibility and Transfer in Complex Content Domains 177
  • Acknowledgments 197
  • References 198
  • 8 - Instructional Variables That Influence Cognitive Processes During Reading 201
  • References 215
  • 9 - How Is Reading Time Influenced by Knowledge-Based Inferences and World Knowledge? 217
  • Acknowledgments 249
  • References 250
  • 10 - Remembering Reading Operations with and Without Awareness 253
  • Acknowledgments 274
  • References 275
  • 11 - Characterizing the Processing Units of Reading Effects of Intra- and Interword Spaces in A Letter Detection Task 279
  • Acknowledgments 294
  • References 295
  • Author Index 297
  • Subject Index 305
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